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中国精品科技期刊2020

基于GC-MS和GC-IMS技术分析凤香型年份基酒挥发性成分

刘丽丽 杨辉 荆雄 张亚芳 徐晨 阎宗科 祁耀华

刘丽丽,杨辉,荆雄,等. 基于GC-MS和GC-IMS技术分析凤香型年份基酒挥发性成分[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):318−327. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022040054
引用本文: 刘丽丽,杨辉,荆雄,等. 基于GC-MS和GC-IMS技术分析凤香型年份基酒挥发性成分[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):318−327. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022040054
LIU Lili, YANG Hui, JING Xiong, et al. Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Aged Fengxiang Crude Baijiu Based on GC-MS and GC-IMS[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 318−327. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022040054
Citation: LIU Lili, YANG Hui, JING Xiong, et al. Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Aged Fengxiang Crude Baijiu Based on GC-MS and GC-IMS[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 318−327. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022040054

基于GC-MS和GC-IMS技术分析凤香型年份基酒挥发性成分

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022040054
基金项目: 陕西省科技厅技术创新引导专项基金项目(2022QFY02-01);陕西科技大学前沿科学技术研究院院企联合项目(210180175)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘丽丽(1988−),女,博士研究生,研究方向:酿酒生产技术,E-mail:793195889@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    杨辉(1960−),男,博士,教授,研究方向:生物材料与发酵工程,E-mail:yangh@sust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TS262.3

Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Aged Fengxiang Crude Baijiu Based on GC-MS and GC-IMS

  • 摘要: 以酒海贮存的凤香型年份基酒为研究对象,采用气相色谱-质谱联用(Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,GC-MS)和气相离子迁移谱(Gas Chromatography-Ion Mobility Spectroscopy,GC-IMS)技术分析凤香型基酒在酒海贮存过程中挥发性物质变化。结果表明:GC-MS检出85种化合物,其中酯类41种、酸类10种和醇类物质17种,且包含一些分子量较大的化合物,在贮存过程中,酯类物质下降明显,酸类物质含量上升,棕榈酸乙酯、亚油酸乙酯、反油酸乙酯、十八酸乙酯等高级脂肪酸酯、苯乙醇呈线性增长。GC-IMS定性出47种,以酯类(23种)、醛酮类(14种)为主,其对小分子物质较为灵敏,二丙基硫醚、异戊烷、双乙酰等物质含量随时间的增加呈上升趋势;两种技术的主成分分析(PCA)均说明年份基酒之间差异显著。在两种技术手段的协同下,获得了陈酿过程中凤香型基酒挥发性成分变化规律,主要表现为:酸升酯降,棕榈酸乙酯、亚油酸乙酯、反油酸乙酯、十八酸乙酯、苯乙醇、苯甲醛、二甲基硫醚、乳酸含量明显增加,为凤香型基酒陈酿体系的建立提供理论依据。
  • 图  1  不同贮存时间凤香型基酒中四种高级脂肪酸酯的含量

    Figure  1.  The contents of four higher fatty acid esters in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor

    图  2  基于GC-MS不同年份基酒挥发性化合物PCA分析

    Figure  2.  PCA analyses of volatile compounds in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor based on GC-MS method

    图  3  不同年份凤香型基酒GC-IMS指纹图谱

    Figure  3.  GC-IMS finger print in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor

    图  4  基于GC-IMS不同年份基酒挥发性化合物PCA分析

    Figure  4.  PCA analysis of volatile compounds in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor

    表  1  样品信息

    Table  1.   Message of the sample

    序号编号贮存时间生产时间取样时间 序号编号贮存时间生产时间取样时间
    1A(0)0年2018.03.102018.03.21 10D(5)5年2013.04.082018.03.18
    22018.03.112018.03.21112013.02.142018.03.18
    32018.03.122018.03.22122013.04.202018.03.18
    4B(2)2年2016.02.152018.03.2113E(7)7年2011.02.152018.03.18
    52016.02.272018.03.21142011.02.202018.03.18
    62016.03.132018.03.21152011.03.042018.03.18
    7C(3)3年2015.01.142018.03.2116F(9)9年2009.03.202018.03.18
    82015.01.052018.03.21172009.03.252018.03.18
    92015.04.082018.03.21182009.03.052018.03.18
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同年份凤香型基酒挥发性物质分析

    Table  2.   Analysis of volatile compounds in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor

    种类序号物质名称香气描述[24-31]含量(mg/L)
    A(0)B(2)C(3)D(5)E(7)F(9)
    酯类1丁酸乙酯*玫瑰、菠萝香、果香140.81±6.46b155.4±4.96a134.21±4.67b122.96±3.57c111.23±3.41d93.65±4.31e
    2乙酸乙酯*水果香、酒香、菠萝香1874.2±85.95a1951.46±62.25a963.53±33.54b741.76±21.55c344.62±10.57d249.07±11.47e
    3己酸乙酯*菠萝香、香蕉香999.57±45.84b1147.57±36.61a844.34±29.39c731.76±21.26d537.28±16.48e518.06±23.87e
    4乳酸乙酯*水果香、果香1237.57±56.76e692.33±22.08f1541.45±53.66d2039.34±59.25c2751.97±84.43a2344.22±108.00b
    5乙酸丁酯183.54±8.42b233.5±7.45a78.68±2.74d99.52±2.89c66.56±2.04e60.09±2.77e
    6乙酸异戊酯果糖香、果香0.72±0.03d1.18±0.04a0.61±0.02e0.91±0.03bc0.87±0.03c0.95±0.04b
    7戊酸乙酯水蜜桃香、花香、甜香7.75±0.36ab8.03±0.26a7.53±0.26b6.87±0.20c5.79±0.18d5.04±0.23e
    8异丁酸丁酯苹果香、水果香0.03±0.00b0.08±0.00a0.02±0.00c0.02±0.00c
    9乙酸戊酯水果香0.05±0.00a0.06±0.00a0.03±0.00c0.05±0.00b0.01±0.00d0.06±0.00a
    10甲酸异丙酯0.47±0.02b0.1±0.00e0.3±0.01c0.53±0.02a0.17±0.01d
    11异己酸乙酯0.13±0.01b0.05±0.00d0.03±0.00e0.14±0.00a0.06±0.00c0.05±0.00d
    12丁酸异戊酯香蕉、梨、苹
    果香
    0.12±0.01d0.12±0.00d0.11±0.00d0.14±0.00c0.28±0.01b0.43±0.02a
    13乙酸己酯梨香、苹果香0.49±0.02b0.53±0.02a0.32±0.01c0.16±0.00e0.16±0.00e0.27±0.01d
    14己酸丙酯菠萝香、水果香1.03±0.05a0.77±0.02b0.38±0.01d0.2±0.01e0.43±0.01c0.47±0.02c
    15庚酸乙酯水果香、甜香2.81±0.13a2.49±0.08b2.43±0.08b2.17±0.06c1.79±0.05d0.86±0.04e
    162-羟基丁酸乙酯果香0.05±0.00c0.04±0.00d0.07±0.00b0.09±0.00a
    17己酸丁酯香蕉、水果香2.03±0.09a1.45±0.05c1.31±0.05d1.73±0.05b0.52±0.02e0.52±0.02e
    18丁酸己酯甜果香味0.16±0.01b0.07±0.00c0.07±0.00c0.06±0.00d0.17±0.01a
    192-羟基-3-甲基丁酸乙酯0.27±0.01c0.55±0.02b1.11±0.05a
    20辛酸乙酯菠萝香、梨香、果香4.84±0.22a3.36±0.11b2.73±0.09c2.15±0.06d1.78±0.05e1.95±0.09de
    21己酸异戊酯水果香、花香0.33±0.02d0.38±0.01c0.23±0.01e0.66±0.02a0.6±0.02b0.64±0.03ab
    22乳酸丁酯奶油香、果香0.45±0.02b0.23±0.01d0.26±0.01c0.11±0.00e0.11±0.00e0.81±0.04a
    23DL-2-羟基-4-甲基戊酸乙酯7.11±0.33a4.09±0.13b2.43±0.08c1.26±0.04e1.55±0.05d0.52±0.02f
    24乳酸异戊酯0.71±0.03d1.02±0.03c1.43±0.04b2.23±0.10a
    25己酸己酯水果香0.97±0.04bc1.1±0.04a0.92±0.03c0.68±0.02d0.57±0.02e1±0.05b
    26癸酸乙酯花香、水果香0.25±0.01c0.24±0.01c0.15±0.01d0.33±0.01b0.35±0.01b0.8±0.04a
    27丁二酸二乙酯甜香、水果香0.1±0.00e0.09±0.00e0.16±0.01d0.2±0.01c0.24±0.01b0.34±0.02a
    28甲氧基乙酸己酯0.15±0.01b0.04±0.00e0.06±0.00c0.05±0.00d0.16±0.01a
    29苯乙酸乙酯蜂蜜香0.1±0.00d0.09±0.00d0.11±0.00c0.07±0.00e0.14±0.00b0.17±0.01a
    30乙酸苯乙酯玫瑰花香、橡胶臭、胶皮臭0.12±0.01a0.06±0.00d0.06±0.00d0.09±0.00c0.12±0.00a0.11±0.01b
    313-苯丙酸乙酯花香、玫瑰香0.24±0.01d0.19±0.01e0.25±0.01d0.34±0.01c0.49±0.02b0.67±0.03a
    32十四酸乙酯甜香、蜡香0.42±0.02c0.35±0.01d0.27±0.01e0.36±0.01d0.48±0.01b0.67±0.03a
    33乙基9-氧代壬
    酸酯
    0.06±0.00c0.06±0.00b0.13±0.01a
    34十五酸乙酯0.08±0.00c0.09±0.00b0.06±0.00d0.09±0.00b0.05±0.00e0.13±0.01a
    35油酸乙酯0.11±0.01c0.13±0.00b0.07±0.00d0.11±0.00c0.2±0.01a0.2±0.01a
    369-十六碳烯酸
    乙酯
    0.32±0.01c0.35±0.01b0.17±0.01e0.21±0.01d0.19±0.01de0.47±0.02a
    37十八酸乙酯0.19±0.01e0.21±0.01e0.24±0.01d0.3±0.01c0.4±0.01b0.47±0.02a
    38反油酸乙酯3.19±0.15e3.87±0.12d4.75±0.17c5.02±0.15c5.51±0.17b6.24±0.29a
    39亚油酸乙酯2.97±0.14e4.89±0.16d5.07±0.18d6.17±0.18c6.63±0.20b7.07±0.33a
    40棕榈酸乙酯6.39±0.29f8.19±0.26e9.42±0.33d10.24±0.30c11.2±0.34b14.62±0.67a
    41亚麻酸乙酯0.2±0.01c0.17±0.01d0.11±0.00e0.27±0.01b0.29±0.01a0.28±0.01ab
    酯类物质总量4487.08±52.01a4198.31±23.56a3566.99±45.67b3742.55±30.01b3819.46±89.30b3282.34.±70.34c
    42甲醇*273.69±12.55a177.32±5.66b162.26±5.65c128.96±3.75d100.31±3.08e81.69±3.76f
    醇类43仲丁醇*果香65.45±3.00b48.81±1.56c69.11±2.41ab51.98±1.51c66.54±2.04ab70.74±3.26a
    44正丙醇*乙醇香642.58±29.47a512.02±16.33b496.79±17.29b479.84±13.94b407.18±12.49c478.21±22.03b
    45异丁醇*果香127.92±5.87de124.52±3.97e140.22±4.88d179.94±5.23c274.1±8.41a246.08±11.34b
    46正丁醇*乙醇香537.47±24.65b545.89±17.41b651.03±22.66a146.95±4.27c135.07±4.14c130.51±6.01c
    47异戊醇*水果香、指甲油味392.69±18.01d365.59±11.66d384.61±13.39d467.85±13.59c886.87±27.21a826.9±38.10b
    482-戊醇果香1.99±0.09a1.83±0.06b1.47±0.05c0.95±0.03d0.89±0.03d0.93±0.04d
    492-己醇花香、青香0.16±0.01a0.07±0.00b0.08±0.00b0.07±0.00b0.07±0.00b0.01±0.00c
    503-甲基-3-丁烯-1-醇0.16±0.01c0.25±0.01a0.14±0.00d0.13±0.00d0.1±0.00e0.2±0.01b
    511-戊醇果香4.17±0.19b4.53±0.14a3.84±0.13c2.02±0.06e1.48±0.05f2.68±0.12d
    522-庚醇0.09±0.00e0.22±0.01b0.26±0.01a0.23±0.01b0.11±0.00d0.15±0.01c
    53己醇花香26.08±1.20b29.71±0.95a20.24±0.70c10.72±0.31d11.07±0.34d21.04±0.97c
    543-乙氧基丙醇0.02±0.00c0.04±0.00b0.02±0.00c0.05±0.00a
    55正辛醇0.44±0.02a0.21±0.01d0.29±0.01c0.36±0.01b0.29±0.01c0.34±0.02b
    56糠醇0.17±0.01d0.29±0.01b0.16±0.01d0.31±0.01a0.22±0.01c0.12±0.01e
    57苯乙醇玫瑰香、蜜香0.66±0.03e0.83±0.03d0.85±0.03d1.02±0.03c1.2±0.04b1.5±0.07a
    581-辛烯-3-醇青草香、水果香0.08±0.00a0.08±0.00a0.05±0.00b
    醇类物质总量2073.80±95.11a1812.21±57.81b1931.41±67.23b1471.38±42.75c1885.65±57.85b1861.11±85.74b
    酸类59乙酸醋酸味、酸臭693.35±31.80c894.13±28.52b991.91±34.53a932.2±27.09b906.76±27.82b900.33±41.48b
    60乳酸&131.39±6.03e144.52±4.61e320.12±11.14d380.71±11.06c460.73±14.13b752.78±34.68a
    61丙酸醋酸气味0.39±0.02e0.5±0.02d0.6±0.02c0.44±0.01de0.76±0.02b1.83±0.08a
    62异丁酸汗臭、酸香1.81±0.08e2.2±0.07d2.64±0.09c2.28±0.07d3.23±0.10b4.19±0.19a
    63丁酸油脂腐臭、汗臭15.55±0.71c15.54±0.50c15.71±0.55c13.13±0.38d22.29±0.68b24.62±1.13a
    64正戊酸汗臭、腐臭味3.02±0.14a3.16±0.10a2.14±0.07c2.18±0.06c2.46±0.08b1.94±0.09d
    654-甲基戊酸酸刺味0.12±0.01a0.05±0.00d0.07±0.00bc0.07±0.00b0.06±0.00c
    66己酸汗臭、干酪臭31.29±1.44d34.46±1.10c37.45±1.30b39.81±1.16b42.6±1.31a42.88±1.98a
    67庚酸油脂腐臭0.88±0.04a0.45±0.01d0.42±0.01d0.83±0.02b0.64±0.02c0.25±0.01e
    68辛酸汗臭、脂肪香1.09±0.05b0.31±0.01d0.59±0.02c1.4±0.04a0.61±0.02c0.35±0.02d
    酸类物质总量878.91±40.31d1095.31±34.94c1371.64±47.74b1373.06±39.90b1440.08±44.18b1729.23±79.67a
    醛酮类69乙醛*果香、青香138.83±6.37a99.62±3.18b90.14±3.14c89.97±2.61c79.45±2.44d69.74±3.21e
    70乙缩醛*芳香99.16±4.55d129.5±4.13c170.27±5.93b199.94±5.81a168.83±5.18b179.33±8.26b
    712-庚酮梨香0.21±0.01a0.05±0.00c0.08±0.00b
    723-羟基-2-丁酮0.03±0.00a0.03±0.00a0.03±0.00a
    73异戊醛二乙基缩醛0.25±0.01d0.77±0.02b0.52±0.02c0.86±0.03a
    743-乙氧基丙醛0.09±0.00c0.09±0.00c0.01±0.00e0.06±0.00d0.12±0.00b0.14±0.01a
    75壬醛青香、蜡香0.15±0.01c0.19±0.01a0.14±0.00c0.11±0.00d0.16±0.00b0.10±0.00e
    76苯甲醛果香、杏仁香0.35±0.02d0.36±0.01d0.45±0.02c0.50±0.01b0.52±0.02b0.79±0.04a
    醛酮类物质总量238.83±10.95cd230.76±7.36d261.10±9.09b291.18±8.46a249.98±7.67bc250.09±11.52bc
    酚类774-甲基苯酚皮革臭、动物臭0.11±0.01a0.07±0.00b0.06±0.00c0.03±0.00e0.04±0.00d0.02±0.00f
    784-乙基苯酚马厩臭、来苏水臭0.08±0.00d0.14±0.00b0.17±0.00a0.13±0.00b0.09±0.00c
    794-乙基愈创木酚果香、花香、烟味0.02±0.00e0.07±0.00d0.13±0.00c0.21±0.01a0.17±0.01b
    酚类物质总量0.11±0.01e0.17±0.01d0.27±0.01c0.33±0.01b0.38±0.01a0.28±0.01c
    其他类80丙二醇甲醚0.2±0.01b0.28±0.01a0.16±0.01d0.28±0.01a0.16±0.01d0.18±0.01c
    81甲基磺酰氯0.04±0.00c0.08±0.00b0.03±0.00d0.03±0.00d0.1±0.00a
    82环己胺,N-(苯甲酰
    氧基)
    0.2±0.01b0.19±0.01b0.11±0.00e0.14±0.00d0.16±0.00c0.24±0.01a
    83(2,2-二乙氧基乙基)-苯0.32±0.01a0.31±0.01a0.05±0.00e0.27±0.01b0.25±0.01c0.16±0.01d
    84己酸酐0.04±0.00c0.08±0.00b0.09±0.00a
    852-乙氧丙烷0.35±0.02a0.13±0.00c0.1±0.00d0.17±0.01b
    其他类物质总量1.11±0.05a0.94±0.03b0.51±0.02e0.80±0.02c0.69±0.02d0.85±0.04c
    注:表中结果为均值±标准差,同行不同字母表示不同样品之间存在显著性差异(P<0.05);“-”表示未查询到或检测到;“*”表示采用GC-FID定量的物质,“&”表示UPLC定量的物质,未标注表示采用SPME-GC-MS定量的物质。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  GC-IMS分析不同年份凤香型基酒挥发性物质

    Table  3.   Analysis of volatile compounds in different years-stored Fengxiang crude liquor by GC-IMS

    类别序号中文名称分子式保留指数
    (RI)
    保留时间
    (s)
    漂移时间
    (ms)
    相对百分含量(%)
    A(0)B(2)C(3)D(5)E(7)F(9)
    酯类1γ-丁内酯C4H6O21678.61489.3751.310750.13±0.01b0.15±0.02ab0.15±0.03ab0.18±0.01a0.17±0.01ab0.17±0.01a
    2辛酸乙酯(单体)C10H20O214591088.5271.485012.22±0.17d2.51±0.05c2.13±0.05d2.73±0.03b2.96±0.06a2.66±0.04b
    辛酸乙酯(二聚体)1458.31087.1092.037411.00±0.11c1.38±0.13b0.98±0.08c1.50±0.06b1.78±0.08a1.43±0.06b
    3己酸丁酯C10H20O214281031.7921.467970.57±0.06b0.78±0.02a0.84±0.04a0.31±0.02d0.32±0.01cd0.37±0.03c
    4丁酸己酯C10H20O21403.1986.4051.476490.2±0.02b0.22±0.01a0.19±0.00bc0.17±0.00cd0.16±0.00d0.24±0.01a
    5乳酸乙酯(单体)C5H10O31353.4895.631.142320.96±0.07c0.87±0.10c1.13±0.02b1.25±0.05a1.09±0.05b1.17±0.01ab
    乳酸乙酯(二聚体)1353.4895.631.541280.31±0.08b0.3±0.10b0.49±0.06a0.54±0.07a0.36±0.04b0.48±0.01a
    6庚酸乙酯(单体)C9H18O21341872.9361.416821.26±0.08cd1.48±0.02a1.22±0.00d1.34±0.01b1.32±0.01bc1.32±0.01bc
    庚酸乙酯(二聚体)1341.7874.3551.918071.40±0.07c2.39±0.12a1.39±0.10c1.80±0.04b1.76±0.04b1.79±0.05b
    7己酸丙酯C9H18O21325.4844.5691.408290.29±0.02b0.36±0.01a0.35±0.01a0.24±0.00c0.15±0.00d0.26±0.01c
    8乙酸庚酯C9H18O21358904.141.977740.04±0.00e0.06±0.01d0.04±0.01e0.08±0.00c0.09±0.00b0.10±0.01a
    9己酸乙酯(单体)C8H16O21243.8717.3161.341714.37±0.13b4.40±0.06b4.42±0.11b4.52±0.07b4.80±0.05a4.50±0.05b
    己酸乙酯(二聚体)1243.1716.3691.7985526.66±0.02e26.97±0.17d27.3±0.11c27±0.08d29.53±0.08a27.77±0.03b
    10丁酸丁酯C8H16O21224.9690.791.819870.41±0.02b0.73±0.02a0.73±0.02a0.22±0.01d0.18±0.00e0.27±0.00c
    11己酸甲酯C7H14O21195.2649.1071.679770.15±0.01d0.19±0.00b0.24±0.00a0.10±0.00e0.19±0.00b0.17±0.01c
    12戊酸乙酯C7H14O21143.7561.9511.681299.24±0.12c9.30±0.06c9.77±0.07b9.96±0.04a9.27±0.06c9.74±0.07b
    13乙酸异戊酯C7H14O21131540.1621.751341.97±0.05b1.36±0.03e1.60±0.00d1.87±0.03c1.59±0.01d2.18±0.02a
    14乙酸戊酯C7H14O21167.5602.6871.745250.12±0.00e0.15±0.01cd0.16±0.01c0.20±0.00b0.14±0.00d0.22±0.00a
    15乙酸丁酯C6H12O21083.6466.4461.62051.26±0.01b1.32±0.05a1.19±0.00c0.30±0.01d0.18±0.01e0.29±0.02d
    16丁酸乙酯C6H12O21041.5418.1391.558138.02±0.06b8.00±0.10b8.37±0.07a8.36±0.07a8.04±0.02b8.33±0.05a
    17乙酸异丁酯C6H12O21019.8393.2681.615710.53±0.03a0.45±0.01bc0.46±0.00b0.55±0.02a0.42±0.01c0.46±0.02b
    18乙酸丙酯C5H10O2986.2359.311.476570.52±0.01b0.60±0.01a0.48±0.00c0.49±0.01c0.20±0.00e0.35±0.01d
    19异丁酸乙酯C6H12O2975.6352.1361.561730.97±0.09c1.23±0.02b1.43±0.01a0.99±0.01c0.94±0.00c1.20±0.03b
    20丙酸乙酯C5H10O2963343.5271.453781.25±0.03e1.43±0.01d1.19±0.02f2.48±0.01a1.84±0.01c2.02±0.02b
    21乙酸乙酯C4H8O2898.9300.0031.339849.06±0.04a8.63±0.05b8.56±0.06b7.65±0.04c7.63±0.04c6.37±0.03d
    22甲酸乙酯C3H6O2856270.8281.223490.31±0.03a0.24±0.00b0.14±0.01c0.15±0.00c0.12±0.00d0.24±0.00b
    233-甲基丁酸乙酯C7H14O21073.6454.9671.654090.04±0.01c0.04±0.00c0.04±0.00c0.05±0.00b0.03±0.00c0.09±0.00a
    总酯73.25±0.94c75.54±0.18a74.99±0.06a75.03±0.14a75.24±0.11a74.22±0.11b
    醇类24己醇(单体)C6H14O1365.8918.3241.331571.38±0.03a1.26±0.02b1.26±0.03b0.87±0.04c0.86±0.01c0.90±0.02c
    己醇(二聚体)1364.7916.261.647790.62±0.06a0.5±0.02b0.46±0.00b0.2±0.01c0.17±0.00c0.22±0.01c
    25异戊醇C5H12O1216.8679.4221.498566.58±0.36ab5.68±0.05d5.99±0.01c6.32±0.02b5.88±0.01cd6.82±0.05a
    26丁醇C4H10O1151.5575.2141.382822.45±0.21a2.19±0.06b2.1±0.02b1.44±0.02c1.44±0.03c1.42±0.03c
    27异丁醇C4H10O1099.5486.0551.361433.07±0.16b2.68±0.06c2.77±0.01c3.18±0.01ab3.08±0.03b3.29±0.01a
    28异丙醇C3H8O979.1354.5271.091550.07±0.01e0.06±0.01e0.15±0.00c0.16±0.00b0.28±0.01a0.09±0.00d
    39丙醇C3H8O1055.2433.9221.245080.08±0.01c0.1±0.00b0.1±0.00b0.12±0.00a0.12±0.00a0.12±0.00a
    30乙醇C2H6O936.9325.831.135937.55±0.13a7.17±0.07cd7.43±0.05ab7.08±0.03d7.27±0.04c7.40±0.04b
    总醇21.8±0.93a19.64±0.21bc20.26±0.03b19.37±0.11c19.1±0.11c20.25±0.14b
    酸类31乙酸C2H4O21515.31191.2681.15240.11±0.01a0.1±0.01a0.09±0.00ab0.09±0.01ab0.08±0.00b0.08±0.00b
    醛酮类32苯甲醛C7H6O1580.81310.8681.158190.09±0.01c0.1±0.01bc0.1±0.01abc0.09±0.01bc0.11±0.01ab0.11±0.00a
    333-甲硫基丙醛C4H8OS1508.51178.7721.092530.06±0.01ab0.06±0.01ab0.04±0.01c0.07±0.01ab0.07±0.00a0.05±0.00bc
    342,6-二甲基-4-庚酮C9H18O1198.5653.8441.787890.05±0.00d0.07±0.00c0.05±0.00d0.11±0.00a0.11±0.01a0.10±0.01b
    352-庚酮C7H14O1190.7642.4761.624950.06±0.01b0.06±0.00b0.05±0.00bc0.05±0.01c0.07±0.00a0.08±0.00a
    36己醛C6H12O1076.9458.7931.546140.04±0.00bc0.04±0.00c0.05±0.00bc0.05±0.01b0.08±0.00a0.04±0.00c
    37戊酮C5H10O994.6365.051.373420.56±0.03a0.40±0.00d0.34±0.00e0.32±0.00e0.48±0.00b0.43±0.01c
    38戊醛C5H10O991.8363.1371.42620.30±0.01a0.30±0.00a0.24±0.00b0.24±0.00b0.14±0.00d0.20±0.01c
    393-甲基丁醛C5H10O923.5316.7431.40580.32±0.01d0.33±0.00d0.32±0.01d0.40±0.01c0.50±0.02b0.65±0.01a
    40丁醛C4H8O909.5307.1771.289460.45±0.02d0.45±0.00d0.46±0.01d0.88±0.00b0.5±0.00c0.92±0.01a
    412-甲基丙醛C4H8O846.8264.611.284660.51±0.04a0.51±0.00a0.52±0.04a0.44±0.01b0.53±0.00a0.52±0.00a
    42丙酮C3H6O849.6266.5231.115541.05±0.05ab1.03±0.00b0.95±0.03c1.09±0.00a0.97±0.01c0.78±0.01d
    43丁酮C4H8O856.7271.3061.063970.11±0.00d0.12±0.00c0.14±0.00b0.12±0.00c0.11±0.00d0.16±0.00a
    44丙醛(单体)C3H6O836.3257.4361.054370.23±0.00a0.22±0.00b0.22±0.00b0.21±0.00c0.20±0.00d0.21±0.00c
    丙醛(二聚体)836.3257.4361.145530.30±0.00c0.31±0.00b0.21±0.00e0.36±0.00a0.26±0.00d0.31±0.01b
    45双乙酰C5H8O21061.5441.0971.318250.33±0.07a0.32±0.06a0.37±0.01a0.36±0.04a0.38±0.02a0.39±0.01a
    总醛酮4.47±0.01c4.33±0.05d4.06±0.05e4.78±0.03b4.52±0.01c4.94±0.04a
    其他类46异戊烷C5H121488.91143.0711.532820.15±0.01d0.17±0.01d0.16±0.01d0.21±0.01c0.26±0.01b0.29±0.01a
    47二丙基硫醚C6H14S1077.3459.2721.153920.23±0.01d0.22±0.02d0.44±0.01c0.52±0.01b0.80±0.01a0.23±0.00d
    总其他0.38±0.02e0.39±0.02e0.61±0.02c0.72±0.02b1.06±0.01a0.52±0.01d
    注:表中结果为均值±标准差,同行不同字母表示不同样品之间存在显著性差异(P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-23

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