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中国精品科技期刊2020

不同地区玛瑙红樱桃品质差异分析

张妮 陶秋运 普莹莹 曹森 王瑞 吉宁

张妮,陶秋运,普莹莹,等. 不同地区玛瑙红樱桃品质差异分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):95−102. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022030112
引用本文: 张妮,陶秋运,普莹莹,等. 不同地区玛瑙红樱桃品质差异分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):95−102. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022030112
ZHANG Ni, TAO Qiuyun, PU Yingying, et al. Analysis on Quality Difference of Agate Red Cherry in Different Regions[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 95−102. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022030112
Citation: ZHANG Ni, TAO Qiuyun, PU Yingying, et al. Analysis on Quality Difference of Agate Red Cherry in Different Regions[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 95−102. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022030112

不同地区玛瑙红樱桃品质差异分析

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022030112
基金项目: 贵阳市科技计划项目(筑科合同[2021]3-21号);贵州省优秀青年科技人才计划(黔科合平台人才[2019]5644);贵州省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(202110976078);贵阳学院2021年硕士研究生科研基金项目(GYU-YJS[2021]-43)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张妮(1997−),女,硕士研究生,研究方向:农产品贮藏与加工,E-mail:zn18311763845@126.com

    通讯作者:

    吉宁(1984−),男,硕士,副教授,研究方向:农产品贮藏与加工,E-mail:jining552100@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TS255.3

Analysis on Quality Difference of Agate Red Cherry in Different Regions

  • 摘要: 目的:通过对贵州省不同地区的玛瑙红樱桃品质进行对比分析,探索不同地区间玛瑙红樱桃的品质差异。方法:以开阳、纳雍、织金三个地区的玛瑙红樱桃鲜果为试材,采摘同一时期相同成熟度的果实,测定其重量、可溶固形物、总黄酮、多酚等含量及相关酶活性。结果:从果实的外观来看,三个地区樱桃果实的大小无显著性差异,但纳雍地区樱桃果实颜色相对较红。在质地方面,纳雍地区樱桃果实的硬度为861.14 g,分别是织金与开阳的1.82倍、1.50倍。从营养价值方面评价,织金地区樱桃果实的的游离氨基酸含量最高为46.01 mg∙100 g−1,而开阳地区的硒离子含量为153.51 μg/g,分别是纳雍的11.73倍、织金的1.27倍。从不同角度分析,三个地区的樱桃果实各有优点,纳雍地区樱桃果实的外观相对较好,而织金和开阳地区樱桃果实的游离氨基酸与金属离子含量相对较高,这可能是由于地理、气候、光照时长等因素所导致。
  • 图  1  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃单粒直径的差异

    Figure  1.  Differences of single grain diameter of agate red cherry in different regions

    注:不同字母表示不同样品组间差异显著(P<0.05);图2~图11同。

    图  2  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃单颗重的差异

    Figure  2.  Differences of single weight of agate red cherry in different regions

    图  3  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃可溶性固形物含量的差异

    Figure  3.  Differences of soluble solid content in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  4  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃游离氨基酸含量的差异

    Figure  4.  Differences of free amino acid content in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  5  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃总黄酮和多酚含量的差异

    Figure  5.  Differences of total flavonoids and polyphenols content in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  6  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃可滴定酸含量的差异

    Figure  6.  Differences of titratable acid content in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  7  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃VC含量的差异

    Figure  7.  Differences of vitamin C content in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  8  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃SOD酶活性的差异

    Figure  8.  Differences of SOD activity in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  9  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃POD酶活性的差异

    Figure  9.  Differences of POD enzyme activities in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  10  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃PPO酶活性的差异

    Figure  10.  Differences of PPO enzyme activity in agate red cherry from different regions

    图  11  不同地区玛瑙红樱桃金属离子含量的差异

    Figure  11.  Differences of metal ion content in agate red cherry from different regions

    表  1  2021年不同地区平均海拔、年均气温、年降雨量、日照时间

    Table  1.   Average altitude, average annual temperature, annual rainfall and sunshine hours in different regions in 2021

    地区开阳纳雍织金
    平均海拔(m)110013851030
    年均温度(℃)13.514.814.3
    年均降雨量(mm)125812261200
    年均日照时长(h)100011801172
    注:表1中的数据来自全球天气网及百度百科。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同产地玛瑙红樱桃色差的比较

    Table  2.   Comparison of color difference of agate red cherry from different producing areas

    地区开阳纳雍织金
    L*54.16±2.77a39.75±3.14b42.61±4.96b
    a*20.54±1.39c33.74±2.77a28.93±0.89b
    b*30.98±2.23a19.51±1.57b21.77±1.19b
    注:不同字母表示不同样品组间差异显著(P<0.05);表3同。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同产地玛瑙红樱桃质地的比较

    Table  3.   Comparison of texture of agate red cherry from different producing areas

    地区开阳纳雍织金
    硬度(g)574.00±116.88b861.14±119.92a472.75±84.81b
    弹性(mm)0.80±0.03a0.77±0.03a0.85±0.05a
    回复性(%)0.21±0.02a0.15±0.01b0.20±0.02a
    胶着性264.00±36.84ab333.92±43.08a216.38±27.55b
    咀嚼性(mJ)210.66±29.41ab260.54±30.29a185.01±10.28b
    黏着性−2.18±0.16b−2.82±0.27b−4.72±0.38a
    凝聚性0.47±0.04a0.39±0.02b0.47±0.04a
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-29
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-23

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