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中国精品科技期刊2020

基于HS-SPME-GC-MS技术的不同品种(系)橄榄香气成分研究

郑宗昊 张向争 傅芳浩 孙兴 潘腾飞 郭志雄 佘文琴

郑宗昊,张向争,傅芳浩,等. 基于HS-SPME-GC-MS技术的不同品种(系)橄榄香气成分研究[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):282−290. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022020244
引用本文: 郑宗昊,张向争,傅芳浩,等. 基于HS-SPME-GC-MS技术的不同品种(系)橄榄香气成分研究[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):282−290. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022020244
ZHENG Zonghao, ZHANG Xiangzheng, FU Fanghao, et al. Study on Aroma Components of Canarium album of Different Cultivars Based on HS-SPME-GC-MS[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 282−290. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022020244
Citation: ZHENG Zonghao, ZHANG Xiangzheng, FU Fanghao, et al. Study on Aroma Components of Canarium album of Different Cultivars Based on HS-SPME-GC-MS[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 282−290. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022020244

基于HS-SPME-GC-MS技术的不同品种(系)橄榄香气成分研究

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022020244
基金项目: 中央财政项目(闽财指[2021]363号)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郑宗昊(1998−),男,硕士研究生,研究方向:果树生理生化与分子生物学,E-amil:964837911@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    佘文琴(1970−),女,博士,教授,研究方向:果树生理生化与分子生物学,E-mail:wenqinshe@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S667.5

Study on Aroma Components of Canarium album of Different Cultivars Based on HS-SPME-GC-MS

  • 摘要: 采用顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱-质谱联用仪(HS-SPME-GC-MS)对不同品种(系)的橄榄果实进行香气检测分析,探究其香气成分特征。结果显示,9个橄榄品种(系)共检测出56种香气物质,均以烯烃类物质为主,占各个品种(系)总香气成分含量的78.51%~89.34%。α-蒎烯、β-蒎烯、石竹烯、α-石竹烯和月桂烯等是主要的香气成分,这些香气物质奠定了橄榄的香气基础,其中石竹烯是各个品种(系)中含量高且稳定存在的香气物质。香气活性值(OAV)在不同品种(系)橄榄间也存在差异,蒎烯是构成这9个品种(系)橄榄果实香气特征的重要成分,香气类型上表现为松油香及木香。不同橄榄品种(系)在香气物质与物质含量间均存在差异,研究结果可为后期橄榄香气机理研究、育种、推广及品质创新等提供依据。
  • 图  1  不同品种(系)橄榄果实香气成分含量的热度图

    Figure  1.  Heat map of the contents of aroma components in Canarium album of different cultivars

    图  2  不同橄榄品种(系)香气成分主成分得分图

    Figure  2.  Principal component score of aroma components of Canarium album of different cultivars

    注:得分散点图(R2X=0.291; R2Y= 0.18)。

    表  1  不同品种(系)橄榄的香气成分

    Table  1.   The aroma components of Canarium album of different cultivars

    香气成分
    登录号CAS香气物质含量(μg/g)
    ‘清榄1号’‘檀香’‘长营’‘梅埔2号’‘揭西香榄’‘灵峰’‘霞溪本’‘刘族本’‘惠圆’
    α-蒎烯
    α-Pinene
    7785-70-86.133±0.883a0.133±0.083d1.905±1.589c0.097±0.046d4.002±0.942b0.654±0.155cd3.838±1.847b0.293±0.211cd0.287±0.176cd
    石竹烯
    Caryophyllene
    87-44-54.65±0.889a4.498±2.99a4.056±0.602a3.621±0.853a3.456±1.313a3.159±0.721ab4.156±1.646a0.817±0.36b2.082±0.758ab
    β-蒎烯
    β-Pinene
    18172-67-31.715±0.269a0.644±0.387b0.342±0.327bc0.343±0.155bc0.204±0.085c0.04±0.017c0.178±0.077c0.004±0.003c0.035±0.027c
    α-石竹烯
    α-Humulene
    6753-98-60.646±0.142a0.617±0.381a0.442±0.023abc0.393±0.096abc0.506±0.138abc0.465±0.127abc0.67±0.304a0.12±0.059c0.232±0.058bc
    α-古巴烯
    α-Copaene
    3856-25-50.553±0.106bc0.23±0.157c0.397±0.194c0.166±0.047c1.083±0.431b0.386±0.075c2.402±0.952a0.028±0.011c0.096±0.035c
    1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2-(1-methylethenyl)-4-(1-methylethylidene)-Cyclohexane,3242-8-80.333±0.065a0.003±0.002b
    大根香叶烯 D
    Germacrene D
    37839-63-70.462±0.088b0.154±0.083c0.134±0.055c0.059±0.01c0.013±0.005c1.305±0.502a0.037±0.019c0.022±0.006c
    γ-榄香烯
    γ-Elemene
    29873-99-20.198±0.082a0.063±0.049b0.041±0.02b0.047±0.014b0.013±0.004b0.016±0.008b0.007±0.001b
    月桂烯
    Myrcene
    123-35-30.246±0.222a0.068±0.053b0.161±0.052ab0.042±0.028b0.103±0.041ab0.138±0.052ab0.048±0.007b0.022±0.01b0.006±0.002b
    桧烯
    Sabinene
    10408-16-90.266±0.048bc0.974±0.574bc1.35±0.421b0.557±0.293cd0.638±0.16bcd2.713±0.924a0.007±0.004d0.004±0.002d
    β-水芹烯
    β-Phellandrene
    555-10-20.195±0.046b0.501±0.139a0.097±0.035c
    大根香叶烯 B
    Germacrene B
    15423-57-10.131±0.054
    香树烯
    Alloaromadendrene
    25246-27-90.054±0.044bc0.058±0.033bc0.13±0.008ab0.02±0.015c0.086±0.074abc0.166±0.116a0.006±0.002c
    α-异松油烯
    α-Terpinolene
    586-62-90.051±0.011ab0.087±0.067a0.045±0.009ab0.009±0.004b0.013±0.007b0.057±0.018ab0.013±0.002b0.025±0.013b0.019±0.013b
    γ-松油烯
    γ-Terpinene
    99-85-40.049±0.018b0.2±0.138a0.157±0.079a0.045±0.027b0.036±0.011b0.174±0.051a0.002±0.001b
    γ-沐萝烯
    γ-Muurolene
    30021-74-00.036±0.01abc0.016±0.009cd0.061±0.014a0.028±0.011bc0.044±0.036ab
    (-)-氧化石竹烯
    (−)-Caryophyllene oxide
    1139-30-60.072±0.071a0.036±0.017ab0.04±0.013ab0.019±0.01ab0.02±0.011ab0.039±0.01ab0.045±0.036ab0.004±0.002b0.007±0.001b
    罗勒烯
    (Z)-β-ocimene
    502-99-80.035±0.008ab0.012±0.007cd0.037±0.021a0.016±0.013bcd0.002±0.004d0.022±0.008abc0.022±0.007abc0.003±0.002d
    水芹烯
    Phellandrene
    99-83-20.022±0.007c0.006±0.001c0.035±0.014c0.011±0.002c0.011±0.003c0.647±0.164a0.024±0.014c0.374±0.21b0.349±0.215b
    莰烯
    Camphene
    79-92-50.019±0.002
    α-松油烯
    α-terpinene
    99-86-50.021±0.008b0.045±0.023b0.048±0.034b0.025±0.014b0.014±0.003a
    (-)-α-荜澄茄油烯
    α-Cubebene
    17699-14-80.147±0.04ab0.234±0.172a0.225±0.067ab0.167±0.05ab0.328±0.177a0.141±0.057ab0.237±0.102a0.037±0.007b0.212±0.072ab
    δ-榄香烯
    -Elemene
    20307-84-00.013±0.003a0.003±0.002b
    1,1- 二甲基-3-亚甲基,2-乙烯基环己烷
    2-ethenyl-1,1-dimethyl-3-methylene-Cyclohexane,
    95452-08-70.019±0.004a0.009±0.006b0.021±0.003a
    (+)-3-蒈烯
    (+)-3-Carene
    13466-78-90.077±0.052
    D-柠檬烯
    D-Limonene
    5989-27-50.443±0.168a0.198±0.128b0.203±0.116b0.267±0.059b0.483±0.237a0.495±0.293a
    去氢白菖烯 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-4-isopropyl-1,6-dimethylnaphthalene483-77-20.006±0.003a0.008±0.004a
    β-古巴烯
    β-copaene
    18612-33-40.463±0.066
    依兰烯
    Ylangene
    14912-44-80.008±0.001
    (+)-环苜蓿烯
    (+)-Cyclosativene
    22469-52-90.015±0.005a0.026±0.009a
    Α-布藜烯
    A-Bulnesene
    31682-28-70.104±0.031
    姜烯
    α-Zingiberene
    495-60-30.28±0.132
    α-愈创木烯
    α-guaiaene
    3691-12-10.003±0.002a0.007±0.001a
    邻异丙基甲苯
    o-Cymene
    527-84-40.04±0.021bc0.043±0.024abc0.031±0.015c0.018±0.005c0.092±0.037a0.088±0.063ab
    对伞花烃
    p-Cymene
    99-87-60.078±0.053b0.116±0.023b0.169±0.047a
    2-异丙基-1-甲氧基-4-甲基苯 2-Isopropyl-1-methoxy-4-methylbenzene31574-44-40.008±0.005
    1,2-二甲基-4-乙烯基-苯 4-Ethenyl-1,2-dimethyl-benzene,27831-13-60.015±0.003
    1H-Cyclopenta[1,3]
    cyclopropa[1,2]benzene,
    octahydro-7-methyl-3-methylene-4-(1-methylethyl)-, (3aS,3bR,4S,7R,7aR)-
    13744-15-50.565±0.096bc0.36±0.223cd0.286±0.087cd0.179±0.039cd0.905±0.406b0.44±0.146cd1.389±0.523a0.053±0.022d0.228±0.098cd
    龙脑烯醛
    Campholenic Aldehyde
    4501-58-00.015±0.012a0.005±0.001b
    反式-2-己烯醛
    2-Hexenal
    6728-26-30.053±0.002a0.054±0.023a0.044±0.032ab0.033±0.022ab0.008±0.001ab0.005±0.004ab
    β-环柠檬醛
    β-Cyclocitral
    432-25-70.046±0.01b0.092±0.071a0.02±0.009b0.006±0.002b0.017±0.007b0.02±0.007b0.019±0.007b0.004±0.001b0.007±0.002b
    二氢-β-紫罗兰酮
    Dihydro-β-ionone
    17283-81-70.018±0.006
    α-松油醇
    α-Terpineol
    98-55-50.028±0.025a0.011±0.01b
    4-epi-cubedol0.012±0.003b0.024±0.013a0.007±0.001bc0.009±0.004bc0.015±0.01ab0.004±0.001bc
    4-萜烯醇
    Terpinen-4-ol
    562-74-30.085±0.064bc0.447±0.287a0.038±0.022c0.012±0.007c0.024±0.008c0.244±0.116b0.007±0.001c0.002±0.001c
    反式-3-己烯-1-醇
    3-Hexen-1-ol
    928-97-20.032±0.01abcde0.007±0.006cde0.06±0.024a0.042±0.03abc0.051±0.033ab0.039±0.016abcd0.023±0.011bcde0.006±0.002de0.003±0.002e
    桉树醇
    Cineole
    470-82-60.008±0.006
    Bicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-2-ol,2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-,(1R,2S,5S)-rel-15537-55-00.073±0.038
    2-Cyclohexen-1-ol,1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-, (1R,4R)-rel-29803-82-50.007±0.004
    百里香酚
    Thymol
    89-83-81.299±0.227a1.106±0.85ab0.489±0.098bcd0.342±0.18cd0.564±0.157bcd0.452±0.108cd0.933±0.379abc0.196±0.07d0.097±0.064d
    4-异丙基苯甲醚 1-Isopropyl-4-methoxybenzene4132-48-30.023±0.017a0.021±0.006a0.006±0.002b
    (1S,8aR)-1-异丙基-4,7-二甲基-1,2,3,5,6,8a-六氢萘(1S,8aR)-1-Isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,2,3,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene483-76-10.402±0.099bc0.093±0.057cd0.101±0.036cd0.066±0.023cd0.651±0.291b0.298±0.077cd1.221±0.424a0.023±0.011d0.032±0.007d
    1,2,4a,5,6,8a-六氢-4,7-二甲基-1-(1-甲基乙基)萘
    α-Muurolene
    31983-22-90.017±0.006b0.038±0.012a
    1,2,3,4,4a,7-hexahydro-1,
    6-dimethyl-4-
    (1-methylethyl)-
    Naphthalene
    16728-99-70.017±0.008
    Naphthalene,1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4-methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-,(1R,4aS,8aS)-1460-97-50.011±0.007a0.013±0.004a0.004±0.001b
    辛酸乙酯
    Ethyl caprylate
    106-32-10.02±0.01
    注:“−”表示该成分未检测出;表中数值为平均值±标准差;同行字母不同,表示不同品种间的差异达到显著水平(P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同品种(系)橄榄香气成分的OAV值

    Table  2.   OAV values of aroma components in Canarium album of different cultivars

    香气成分香气阈值[22, 31]
    (μg/g)
    OAV值
    ‘清榄1号’‘檀香’‘长营’‘梅埔2号’‘揭西香榄’‘灵峰’‘霞溪本’‘刘族本’‘惠圆’
    α-蒎烯0.0061022.2822.28317.5816.31667.09109.15639.7648.9347.89
    石竹烯0.39011.9211.5310.409.298.868.1010.662.105.34
    β-蒎烯
    0.014122.5546.0524.4824.5414.572.8612.740.322.55
    α-石竹烯0.1604.043.862.772.463.172.914.190.751.45
    月桂烯0.01516.404.5910.762.856.899.203.221.520.42
    桧烯
    0.9800.270.991.380.570.652.770.01
    γ-松油烯
    0.2600.190.770.600.180.140.670.01
    (-)-氧化石竹烯0.4100.180.090.100.050.050.100.110.010.02
    罗勒烯
    0.0341.040.371.110.500.080.670.670.11
    水芹烯
    0.0400.570.170.880.280.2916.180.629.378.73
    α-松油烯
    0.0850.260.540.570.300.182.410.25
    D-柠檬烯
    0.03413.035.855.977.8614.2214.57
    α-异松油烯
    0.0340.260.440.230.050.070.290.070.130.10
    百里香酚
    1.7000.760.650.290.200.330.270.550.120.06
    反式-2-己烯醛
    0.0173.133.202.641.950.510.35
    对伞花烃
    0.1200.650.971.42
    4-萜烯醇
    0.1300.663.440.290.100.191.880.060.01
    反式-3-己烯-1-醇
    0.1100.300.070.550.390.460.360.210.060.03
    α-松油醇
    0.3300.090.030.01
    辛酸乙酯
    0.0470.43
    注:“−”表示无法计算其OAV值。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-23

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