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中国精品科技期刊2020

不同养殖模式金刚虾(斑节对虾)肌肉营养成分比较分析

崔茜 王伟 谢益韬 陈强 蔡章印 黄永春

崔茜,王伟,谢益韬,等. 不同养殖模式金刚虾(斑节对虾)肌肉营养成分比较分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):276−281. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022010148
引用本文: 崔茜,王伟,谢益韬,等. 不同养殖模式金刚虾(斑节对虾)肌肉营养成分比较分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):276−281. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022010148
CUI Xi, WANG Wei, XIE Yitao, et al. Comparative Analysis of Nutrient Composition in the Muscle of Penaeus monodon in Different Culture Models[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 276−281. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022010148
Citation: CUI Xi, WANG Wei, XIE Yitao, et al. Comparative Analysis of Nutrient Composition in the Muscle of Penaeus monodon in Different Culture Models[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 276−281. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022010148

不同养殖模式金刚虾(斑节对虾)肌肉营养成分比较分析

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2022010148
基金项目: 福建省科技厅高校产学合作重大项目(2017N5012);福建省科技特派员后补项目(2021S2001)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    崔茜(1995−),女,硕士,研究方向:水产动物健康养殖,E-mail:1007869960@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    黄永春(1966−),男,博士,教授,研究方向:对虾良种选育与健康养殖,E-mail:ychuang@jmu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S963

Comparative Analysis of Nutrient Composition in the Muscle of Penaeus monodon in Different Culture Models

  • 摘要: 探究金刚虾(Penaeus monodon)不同养殖模式下肌肉营养成分的组成,旨在为后续产业精加工提供理论依据,并根据需要选择合适模式的金刚虾。以低盐土池养殖(盐度:8.3‰,简称低盐土池组)、低盐高位池养殖(盐度:7.8‰,简称低盐高位池组)和高盐高位池(盐度:23.4‰,简称高盐组)养殖3种养殖模式下的金刚虾为试验对象,通过对肌肉营养成分的分析比较,研究金刚虾肌肉在不同养殖模式下的营养差异。结果表明,在常规营养成分方面,高盐组金刚虾肌肉水分含量显著低于低盐高位池组和低盐土池组(P<0.05),低盐高位池组粗蛋白含量显著低于高盐组和低盐土池组(P<0.05),高盐组粗脂肪、灰分含量最高,与其他两组差异显著(P<0.05)。在氨基酸组成方面,3种养殖模式饲养的金刚虾肌肉均含17种氨基酸,高盐组金刚虾肌肉必需氨基酸含量、鲜味+甜味氨基酸含量、氨基酸总量均最高。在必需氨基酸评价方面,高盐组金刚虾肌肉必需氨基酸总量(2336.27 mg/g N)和必需氨基酸指数(76.15)最高,低盐高位池组次之,低盐土池组最低。在脂肪酸组成方面,共检测出17种脂肪酸,3种养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉中均为C16:0(棕榈酸)含量最高,EPA+DHA的含量以高盐组最高。结果表明,高盐高位池养殖模式下的金刚虾肌肉营养成分齐全,具有较高的食用价值。
  • 表  1  不同养殖模式信息

    Table  1.   Different culture modes information

    养殖模式盐度水深
    (m)
    面积
    (亩)
    放养密度
    (万尾/亩)
    样本
    体长
    (mm)
    体质量
    (g)
    低盐土池养殖8.3‰1.531~230166.74±9.1330.99±5.35
    低盐高位池养殖7.8‰3115~2030171.44±8.7237.18±6.21
    高盐高位池养殖23.4‰3120~2530169.44±7.4134.16±3.62
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉常规营养组成分析(湿质量%)

    Table  2.   Analysis of conventional nutritional composition of muscle of P. monodon in different culture modes (wet weight %)

    项目低盐土池组低盐高位池组高盐组
    水分76.35±0.36a76.60±0.30a75.62±0.14b
    粗蛋白21.38±0.12a20.34±0.25b21.51±0.35a
    粗脂肪0.30±0.04b0.17±0.01c0.36±0.01a
    灰分1.71±0.05b1.64±0.02b2.01±0.04a
    注:同行不同字母代表差异显著(P<0.05),表3 同。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉氨基酸组成分析(g/100 g)

    Table  3.   Analysis of amino acid composition of muscle of P. monodon in different culture modes (g/100 g)

    氨基酸种类低盐土池组低盐高位池组高盐组
    天门冬氨酸(Asp)§8.46±0.05a8.36±0.07b8.52±0.02a
    苏氨酸(Thr)3.35±0.01a3.29±0.02b3.33±0.02a
    丝氨酸(Ser)3.36±0.02a3.25±0.03b3.25±0.02b
    谷氨酸(Glu)§14.89±0.08a14.24±0.10b14.26±0.04b
    甘氨酸(Gly)6.80±0.02b6.38±0.03c9.84±0.16a
    丙氨酸(Ala)5.28±0.03b5.58±0.05a4.86±0.02c
    胱氨酸(Cys)0.78±0.06a0.82±0.02a0.77±0.06a
    缬氨酸(Val)3.66±0.02a3.61±0.03b3.59±0.01b
    蛋氨酸(Met)1.97±0.00c2.05±0.02b2.16±0.03a
    异亮氨酸(Ile)3.35±0.04b3.36±0.03ab3.41±0.01a
    亮氨酸(Leu)6.29±0.05a6.20±0.05b6.34±0.01a
    酪氨酸(Tyr)2.91±0.02b2.88±0.02b2.98±0.02a
    苯丙氨酸(Phe)3.33±0.04b3.29±0.02b3.42±0.01a
    赖氨酸(Lys)6.89±0.07ab6.81±0.06b6.98±0.01a
    组氨酸(His)1.61±0.01a1.59±0.01a1.55±0.01b
    精氨酸(Arg)8.06±0.02b7.54±0.07c8.89±0.05a
    脯氨酸(Pro)5.08±0.08b5.35±0.03a4.83±0.06c
    必需氨基酸总量∑EAA28.85±0.22a28.59±0.22b29.17±0.05a
    氨基酸总量∑TAA86.08±0.43b84.59±0.64c88.91±0.33a
    鲜味+甜味氨基酸总量∑DAA35.43±0.16b34.56±0.24c37.48±0.22a
    注:表示人体必需氨基酸;§表示鲜味氨基酸;表示甜味氨基酸;∑EAA为必需氨基酸总量;∑DAA为鲜味+甜味氨基酸总量;∑TAA为氨基酸总量。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉必需氨基酸含量的比较(mg/g N)

    Table  4.   Comparison of essential amino acid in muscle of P. monodon in different culture modes (mg/g N)

    必需氨基酸低盐土
    池组
    低盐高
    位池组
    高盐组FAO/WHO
    模式
    全鸡蛋蛋
    白模式
    苏氨酸231.61236.56235.89250292
    缬草氨酸253.04259.57254.31310411
    异亮氨酸231.61241.59241.56250331
    亮氨酸434.86445.80449.12440534
    赖氨酸476.35489.66494.46340441
    蛋氨酸+胱氨酸190.12206.36207.56220386
    苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸431.41443.64453.37380565
    总量2248.992323.172336.2721902960
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉必需氨基酸评分(AAS)、必需化学评分(CS)的比较

    Table  5.   Comparison of essential amino acid scores (AAS) and essential chemical scores (CS) for the muscles of P. monodon in different culture modes

    必需氨基酸低盐土池组低盐高位池组高盐组
    氨基酸
    评分
    化学
    评分
    氨基酸
    评分
    化学
    评分
    氨基酸
    评分
    化学
    评分
    苏氨酸0.930.790.950.810.940.81
    缬氨酸0.82*0.62**0.84*0.63**0.82*0.62**
    异亮氨酸0.930.700.970.730.970.73
    亮氨酸0.990.811.010.831.020.84
    赖氨酸1.401.081.441.111.451.12
    蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.86**0.49*0.94**0.53*0.94**0.54*
    苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸1.140.761.170.791.190.80
    必需氨基酸指数73.2475.9276.15
    注:*表示第一限制性氨基酸;**表示第二限制性氨基酸。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同养殖模式下金刚虾肌肉脂肪酸组成分析(%)

    Table  6.   Analysis of fatty acid composition in muscle of P. monodon in different culture modes (%)

    脂肪酸种类低盐土池组低盐高位池组高盐组
    C14:00.30±0.01a0.24±0.01b0.35±0.00a
    C15:00.35±0.01a0.32±0.01a0.22±0.00b
    C16:020.87±0.03b21.30±0.16a19.64±0.04c
    C16:1n7c1.01±0.04a0.59±0.06b0.97±0.00a
    C17:01.25±0.02a1.26±0.01a0.80±0.00b
    C18:011.14±0.01a11.21±0.16a10.53±0.00b
    C18:1n9c14.50±0.01a13.42±0.04b12.37±0.01c
    C18:2n6c19.57±0.01b20.42±0.02a18.03±0.04c
    C18:3n3c0.85±0.02a0.89±0.01a0.66±0.01b
    C20:00.20±0.00a0.19±0.00a0.20±0.00a
    C20:1n9c0.44±0.00c0.48±0.01b0.59±0.02a
    C20:2n6c0.97±0.01b1.12±0.02a1.10±0.00a
    C20:4n6c3.98±0.04a3.76±0.05b3.57±0.00c
    C22:00.33±0.02a0.20±0.02b0.24±0.00b
    C20:5n3c9.02±0.01c9.85±0.08b13.41±0.01a
    C24:1n9c0.24±0.00a0.12±0.00b0.24±0.00a
    C22:6n3c12.45±0.00c12.59±0.01b13.76±0.03a
    其他2.51±0.08b2.05±0.06c3.32±0.03a
    总饱和脂肪酸∑SFA34.45±0.06b34.72±0.01a31.98±0.04c
    总单不饱和脂肪酸∑MUFA16.19±0.05a14.60±0.09b14.17±0.02c
    总多不饱和脂肪酸∑PUFA46.85±0.01c48.63±0.04b50.53±0.03a
    EPA+DHA21.48±0.01c22.44±0.07b27.16±0.04a
    注:∑SFA(总饱和脂肪酸)包含C14:0、C15:0、C16:0、C17:0、C18:0、C20:0、C22:0;∑MUFA(总单不饱和脂肪酸)包含C16:1n7c、C18:1n9c、C20:1n9c、C24:1n9c;∑PUFA(总多不饱和脂肪酸)包含C18:2n6c、C18:3n3c、C20:2n6c、C20:4n6c、C20:5n3c、C22:6n3c。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-23

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