白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜生理生化和萝卜硫苷代谢的影响

赵西连 庄莉 肖军霞 李晓丹 郭丽萍

赵西连,庄莉,肖军霞,等. 白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜生理生化和萝卜硫苷代谢的影响[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(18):34−40. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120234
引用本文: 赵西连,庄莉,肖军霞,等. 白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜生理生化和萝卜硫苷代谢的影响[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(18):34−40. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120234
ZHAO Xilian, ZHUANG Li, XIAO Junxia, et al. Effects of White and Red Light Photoperiods on Physiology and Biochemistry as well as Glucoraphanin Metabololism of Broccoli Sprouts[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(18): 34−40. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120234
Citation: ZHAO Xilian, ZHUANG Li, XIAO Junxia, et al. Effects of White and Red Light Photoperiods on Physiology and Biochemistry as well as Glucoraphanin Metabololism of Broccoli Sprouts[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(18): 34−40. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120234

白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜生理生化和萝卜硫苷代谢的影响

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120234
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(31801457);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201910435029)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵西连(1999−),女,本科,研究方向为食品营养与检测、功能性成分富集机理及功能评价,E-mail:1437468974@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    郭丽萍(1981−),女,博士,副教授,研究方向为食品营养与检测、功能性成分富集机理及功能评价,E-mail:happyglp@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TS201.2

Effects of White and Red Light Photoperiods on Physiology and Biochemistry as well as Glucoraphanin Metabololism of Broccoli Sprouts

  • 摘要: 本文研究了白光和红光不同光周期(0、4、8、12、16和20 h·d−1)对西兰花芽苗菜生长、可溶性糖、可溶性蛋白、抗坏血酸、花色苷和萝卜硫苷代谢的影响。结果表明:光照抑制西兰花芽苗的生长,红光较白光处理能够促进西兰花芽苗芽长增长;随着光周期的延长,西兰花芽苗菜中可溶性糖、可溶性蛋白、抗坏血酸、萝卜硫苷和总硫苷含量、黑芥子酶活力以及萝卜硫素含量均呈现先增加后降低的趋势。相较于白光,红光明显提高了西兰花芽苗菜中可溶性糖、可溶性蛋白、抗坏血酸和萝卜硫苷含量。但白光处理下花色苷含量明显高于红光处理。在光周期小于12 h·d−1时,红光处理下萝卜硫素形成量显著高于白光处理(P<0.05),而当光周期大于12 h·d−1时,红光处理下萝卜硫素形成与白光处理之间差异不显著甚至低于白光处理。总之,红光相较于白光更有利于提高西兰花芽苗菜的产量和营养品质,12 h·d−1是比较适合的光周期。
  • 图  1  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜芽长(A)和含水量(B)的影响

    Figure  1.  Effect of white and red light photoperiod on sprout length (A) and water content (B) in broccoli sprouts

    注:不同小写字母表示在同一处理和生长时间下不同光照时间有差异显著(P<0.05),图2~图7同。

    图  2  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜可溶性糖(A)和可溶性蛋白(B)含量的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of white and red light photoperiod on soluble sugar (A) and soluble protein contents (B) in broccoli sprouts

    图  3  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜花色苷含量的影响

    Figure  3.  Effects of white and red light photoperiod on anthocyanin contents in broccoli sprouts

    图  4  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜抗坏血酸含量的影响

    Figure  4.  Effects of white and red photoperiod on ascorbic acid contents of broccoli sprouts

    图  5  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜萝卜硫苷(A)、脂肪族硫苷(B)和总硫苷含量(C)的影响

    Figure  5.  Effects of white and red photoperiod light on sulforaphane (A), aliphatic sulforaphane (B) and total sulforaphane content (C) contents in broccoli sprouts

    图  6  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜黑芥子酶活力的影响

    Figure  6.  Effects of white and red photoperiod light on myrosinase activity in broccoli sprouts

    图  7  白光和红光光周期对西兰花芽苗菜萝卜硫素含量的影响

    Figure  7.  Effects of white and red photoperiod on sulforaphane contents in broccoli sprouts

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-04
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-14

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