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中国精品科技期刊2020

洋蓟膳食纤维中可溶性膳食纤维提取工艺优化

朱仁威 徐田辉 黄亮 贺便

朱仁威,徐田辉,黄亮,等. 洋蓟膳食纤维中可溶性膳食纤维提取工艺优化[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):176−182. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020070112
引用本文: 朱仁威,徐田辉,黄亮,等. 洋蓟膳食纤维中可溶性膳食纤维提取工艺优化[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(23):176−182. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020070112
ZHU Renwei, XU Tianhui, HUANG Liang, et al. Optimization of Extraction Process of Soluble Dietary Fiber from Artichoke Dietary Fiber[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 176−182. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020070112
Citation: ZHU Renwei, XU Tianhui, HUANG Liang, et al. Optimization of Extraction Process of Soluble Dietary Fiber from Artichoke Dietary Fiber[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(23): 176−182. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020070112

洋蓟膳食纤维中可溶性膳食纤维提取工艺优化

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020070112
基金项目: 湖南省自然科学基金项目(2019JJ60020);智能型移动式吸粮机成套设备关键技术研发与应用(2020GK2088);湖南省科技创新平台与人才计划项目(2017TP1021);长沙市科技计划项目(KC1704007)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱仁威(1986−),男,硕士,实验师,研究方向:农产品加工与贮藏,E-mail:zhurenwei@126.com

    通讯作者:

    黄亮(1964−),男,硕士,教授,研究方向:农产品加工与贮藏,E-mail:798507440@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TS210.9

Optimization of Extraction Process of Soluble Dietary Fiber from Artichoke Dietary Fiber

  • 摘要: 研究洋蓟膳食纤维经超微粉碎(高能纳米冲击磨)和高压均质改性预处理后,提取洋蓟可溶性膳食纤维(Soluble Dietary Fiber,SDF),采用单因素和响应面试验设计,优化高压均质改性工艺,以得到更高的得率。单因素实验考察均质温度、均质压力和物料浓度对洋蓟SDF得率的影响。用响应面法以三因素三水平对洋蓟SDF提取工艺进行优化,建立洋蓟SDF提取条件与得率之间的模型并进行分析,以得到最优的工艺参数,提高洋蓟SDF的得率。结果表明:经超微粉碎-高压均质复合改性后,洋蓟SDF的得率受复合改性的影响显著,其提取洋蓟SDF的最佳工艺为均质温度41 ℃、均质压力97 MPa、物料浓度2.5%,洋蓟SDF理论最高得率为20.70%。采用该工艺,实际洋蓟SDF得率的均值为20.13%。傅里叶变化红外光谱图显示经复合改性后,洋蓟膳食纤维的化学成分没有发生变化。
  • 图  1  均质压力对洋蓟SDF得率的影响

    Figure  1.  Effect of homogenization pressure on the yield of SDF of artichoke

    注:图中不同小写字母代表差异显著,P<0.05;图2~图3同。

    图  2  均质温度对洋蓟SDF得率的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of homogenization temperature on the yield of SDF of artichoke

    图  3  物料浓度对洋蓟SDF得率的影响

    Figure  3.  Effect of material concentration on the yield of SDF of artichoke

    图  4  各因素交互作用的响应面图与等高线图

    Figure  4.  Response surface plot and contour plot of interaction of various factors

    图  5  傅里叶光谱仪分析图

    Figure  5.  Fourier spectrometer analysis chart

    注:ADF:未经改性处理洋蓟膳食纤维;HPH-ADF:高压均质改性洋蓟膳食纤维;CM-ADF:超微粉碎-高压均质复合改性洋蓟膳食纤维;SP-ADF:超微粉碎处理洋蓟膳食纤维。

    表  1  响应面试验设计因素与水平

    Table  1.   Design factors and levels of response surface test


    水平
    因素
    A均质压力(MPa)B物料浓度(%)C均质温度(℃)
    −1802.035
    0902.540
    11003.045
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  响应面设计方案及结果

    Table  2.   Response surface design and results

    试验号A均质压力B物料浓度C均质温度Y洋蓟SDF得率(%)
    1−1−1015.74
    21−1016.37
    3−11016.42
    411015.36
    5−10−116.78
    610−116.52
    7−10115.96
    810018.94
    90−1−117.08
    1001−116.53
    110−1115.84
    1201117.74
    1300020.96
    1400021.84
    1500021.43
    1600022.07
    1700021.98
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  方差分析表

    Table  3.   Variance analysis table

    方差来源平方和自由度均方FP显著性
    模型98.46910.9427.640.0001**
    A均质压力0.6610.661.660.2391
    B物料浓度0.1310.130.330.5845
    C均质温度0.3110.310.780.4069
    AB0.7110.711.800.2212
    AC2.6212.626.630.0367*
    BC1.5011.503.790.0926
    A231.05131.0578.43<0.0001**
    B237.09137.0993.70<0.0001**
    C215.05115.0538.020.0005**
    回归2.7770.40
    失拟项1.9330.643.040.1557不显著
    纯误差0.8540.21
    总回归101.2316
    R2=0.9726CV=3.48%
    注:*表示差异显著,P<0.05;**表示差异极显著,P<0.01。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  洋蓟膳食纤维成分表(g/100 g)

    Table  4.   Artichoke dietary fiber composition table (g/100 g)

    组分水分蛋白含量粗脂肪粗灰分可溶性膳食纤维不可溶性膳食纤维
    未处理5.79±0.76b3.06±1.86b2.04±0.26d2.93±1.96d6.45±1.26d79.73±1.36a
    超微粉碎处理5.49±1.07d3.15±1.26a2.15±1.11c3.13±0.78a10.36±1.59c75.72±1.27b
    高压均质处理5.84±0.36a3.05±1.33c2.23±0.98b2.96±1.26c15.06±1.38b70.86±0.98c
    复合改性处理5.59±1.03c2.93±1.26d2.28±1.27a3.11±1.35b20.51±0.56a65.58±0.89d
    注:不同字母(a~d)表示差异性显著(P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-23

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