油溶性胭脂红酸衍生物的制备及性质评价

刘兰香 郑华 李凯 李坤 徐涓 张雯雯 张弘

刘兰香, 郑华, 李凯, 李坤, 徐涓, 张雯雯, 张弘. 油溶性胭脂红酸衍生物的制备及性质评价[J]. 食品工业科技, 2017, (04): 300-305. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2017.04.048
引用本文: 刘兰香, 郑华, 李凯, 李坤, 徐涓, 张雯雯, 张弘. 油溶性胭脂红酸衍生物的制备及性质评价[J]. 食品工业科技, 2017, (04): 300-305. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2017.04.048
LIU Lan- xiang, ZHENG Hua, LI Kai, LI Kun, XU Juan, ZHANG Wen- wen, ZHANG Hong. The preparation and properties of oil- soluble derivatives of carminic acid[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2017, (04): 300-305. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2017.04.048
Citation: LIU Lan- xiang, ZHENG Hua, LI Kai, LI Kun, XU Juan, ZHANG Wen- wen, ZHANG Hong. The preparation and properties of oil- soluble derivatives of carminic acid[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2017, (04): 300-305. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2017.04.048

油溶性胭脂红酸衍生物的制备及性质评价

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2017.04.048
基金项目: 

国家林业公益性行业科研专项(201204602);

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘兰香(1986-),女,助理研究员,研究方向:天然产物资源化学,E-mail:lanxiangliu@outlook.com。;

    张弘(1963-),男,博士,研究员,研究方向:林业生物资源化学与利用,E-mail:kmzhhong@163.com。;

  • 中图分类号: TS264.4

The preparation and properties of oil- soluble derivatives of carminic acid

  • 摘要: 胭脂虫红色素是一种水溶性极好却不溶于大多数有机溶剂及油脂类的天然红色素,为了改善其油溶性从而拓展其运用领域,可对胭脂红色素的有效染色成分胭脂红酸进行结构修饰。本文通过对胭脂红酸进行甲酯化、酰化两步化学反应制备了5种胭脂红酸衍生物,应用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)对5种产物进行了结构的初步表征,借助紫外-可见(UV-Vis)光谱等方法考察了产物的溶解性及酸、碱、光、热、金属离子对产物稳定性的影响。结果表明5种产物的主要成分中增加了酯基和烷基;产物可溶于有机溶剂和油类物质,在玉米油中的溶解度从高至低的顺序为CE5>CE2>CE4>CE1>CE3,其中产物CE5在玉米油中可溶解12.8 g/L;产物在中性溶液中较稳定,光及热稳定性良好,金属离子Cu2+、Fe3+和Al3+可使色素产物褪色,而Na+和Mg2+却能增色。5种胭脂红酸衍生物油溶性及稳定性良好,且保留了胭脂虫红色素的优良染色能力,具有潜在的应用价值和前景。 
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-06

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