花椒精油及其水提物的香气活性成分分析

王娟 杜静怡 贾雪颖 黄明泉 于洋 张玉玉

王娟,杜静怡,贾雪颖,等. 花椒精油及其水提物的香气活性成分分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(20):229−241. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120272
引用本文: 王娟,杜静怡,贾雪颖,等. 花椒精油及其水提物的香气活性成分分析[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(20):229−241. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120272
WANG Juan, DU Jingyi, JIA Xueying, et al. Characterization of the Aroma-active Compounds in Essential Oil and Water Extract of Zanthoxylum bungeanum Pericarp[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(20): 229−241. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120272
Citation: WANG Juan, DU Jingyi, JIA Xueying, et al. Characterization of the Aroma-active Compounds in Essential Oil and Water Extract of Zanthoxylum bungeanum Pericarp[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(20): 229−241. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120272

花椒精油及其水提物的香气活性成分分析

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020120272
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(31471665);国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1600401)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王娟(1994−),女,博士研究生,研究方向:食品风味化学,E-mail:btbuwangjuan@163.com

    通讯作者:

    于洋(1989−),女,硕士,实验师,研究方向:天然产物提取分离,E-mail: yuyang@btbu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TS225.1

Characterization of the Aroma-active Compounds in Essential Oil and Water Extract of Zanthoxylum bungeanum Pericarp

  • 摘要: 本研究通过水蒸气蒸馏法提取汉源青花椒、金阳青花椒、汉源红花椒、武都红花椒的挥发性油,采用直接进样法分析花椒精油,采用溶剂辅助蒸发(solvent-assisted flavor evaporation, SAFE)分离花椒水提物中的挥发性成分,结合气相色谱-质谱联用仪(gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, GC-MS)和气相-嗅闻仪(gas chromatography-olfactometry, GC-O)对两者的香气活性成分进行分析。结果显示,在精油和水提物中分别鉴定出99种和153种挥发性成分,仅水提物中含内酯类和酸类物质;青花椒精油及水提物中相对含量最高的物质为芳樟醇、D-柠檬烯、桧烯、萜品烯-4-醇;红花椒精油及水提物中相对含量最高的物质为芳樟醇、D-柠檬烯、乙酸芳樟酯、α-月桂烯;酯类物质含量的差异可能是造成红花椒与青花椒的精油和水提物香气差异的原因。感官评价结果显示,精油的青香、椒麻和油脂味比水提物更强,水提物的甜香、酸味和哈喇味比精油更突出。通过GC-O分析,在精油中和水提物中分别鉴定出57种和68种香气活性物质,经偏最小二乘法(partial least squares regression, PLSR)进行香气属性和化合物的相关性分析,确定了对精油和水提物香气轮廓影响较大的29种物质。
  • 图  1  花椒精油及水提物的感官评价结果

    Figure  1.  Sensory evaluation results of the essential oils and water extracts of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps

    图  2  花椒精油及水提物中各类挥发性成分的总含量

    Figure  2.  Total contents of volatile components in essentials oils and water extracts of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps

    图  3  精油和水提物的感官属性与挥发性香气成分的相关载荷结果

    Figure  3.  Correlation load results between sensory attributes and aroma-active compounds in essential oils and water extracts of 4 Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps

    图  4  感官特征和重要香气活性成分(VIP≥1)的相关性热图分析

    Figure  4.  Heat map analysis of the correlation between sensory characteristics and the important odorants(VIP≥1)

    表  1  感官评价标准

    Table  1.   Sensory evaluation criteria

    香气属性参照物分数
    1.05.09.0
    青香1-己醇50.0 mg/L200.0 mg/L800.0 mg/L
    椒麻花椒麻素1.0 mg/L10.0 mg/L20.0 mg/L
    木香4-乙烯愈创木酚0.5 mg/L2.0 mg/L8.0 mg/L
    油脂2,4-癸二烯醛0.005 mg/L0.200 mg/L0.800 mg/L
    酸味丙酸300.0 mg/L1000.0 mg/L4000.0 mg/L
    甜香橙花醇5.0 mg/L20.0 mg/L80.0 mg/L
    哈喇味氧化豆油1.0 g3.0 g5.0 g
    清香薄荷醇100.0 mg/L400.0 mg/L1600.0 mg/L
    注: 所有液体参照物均为10 mL放于20 mL聚四氟乙烯瓶中。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  水蒸气蒸馏制备花椒精油的产率

    Table  2.   Yields of essential oils of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps prepared by steam distillation

    样品名称汉源青花椒金阳青花椒汉源红花椒武都红花椒
    精油制备率(%)5.08±0.055.47±0.221.14±0.081.52±0.06
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  花椒精油及水提物挥发性成分分析结果

    Table  3.   Volatile substance analysis results of essential oils and water extracts of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps

    序号化合物分子式计算RI/
    文献RI
    相对含量(mL/L)
    汉源青
    花椒精油
    汉源青
    花椒水提物
    金阳青
    花椒精油
    金阳青
    花水提物
    汉源红
    花椒精油
    汉源红
    花椒水提物
    武都红
    花椒精油
    武都红
    花椒水提物
    酯类
    1乙酸异丁酯C6H12O2775/77240.07±9.138.07±2.2447.96±10.48222.48±61.70.04±0
    2丙酸异丁酯C7H14O2868/86323.8±3.434.84±0.55
    32-甲基戊酸甲酯C7H14O2870/8675.76±0.992.55±0.5
    4乙酸异戊酯C7H14O2877/87626.93±5.039.24±2.1945.76±6.8372.24±3.17
    52-甲基丁基乙酸酯C7H14O28
    78/880
    0.12±0.01
    6乙酸-3-甲基-3-丁烯-1-醇酯C7H12O2885/8813.11±0.15
    74-甲基戊酸甲酯C7H14O2891/900.235.54±7.5617.97±5.3944.26±5.314.82±0.50
    83-甲基环戊基乙酸酯C8H14O2901/904.50.08±0.010.34±0.020.09±0.01
    9丁内酯C4H6O2911/9150.35±0.020.23±0.020.27±0.02
    10乙酸戊酯C7H14O2913/9163.05±0.05
    115-甲基 – 2(5H)-呋喃酮C5H6O2936/9340.10±0.010.06±0.01
    125,5-二甲基-2(5H)-呋喃酮C6H8O2950/9520.13±0.010.08±0.011.85±0.12
    133-甲基-2(5H)-呋喃酮C5H6O2976/9790.75±0.050.03±0.01
    145-乙基-2(5H)-呋喃酮C6H8O21033/9680.04±0.010.15±0.01
    155-乙烯基二氢-5-甲基-2(3H)-呋喃酮C7H10O21036/10460.77±0.050.31±0.02
    16γ-己内酯C6H10O21049/10560.34±0.02
    172,3-丁二醇二乙酸酯C8H14O41074/10644.45±0.610.17±0.01
    181,3-丁二醇二乙酸酯C8H14O41127/1123.70.04±0.01
    19(1R,5S,7R)-乙酸菊酯C12H18O21224/123743.49±2.18
    20乙酸苯乙酯C10H12O21255/12551.31±0.090.57±0.045.95±0.40
    21乙酸芳樟酯C12H20O21255/1256539.8±113.044.32±0.29145.49±84.880.6±0.045228.96±112.6357.05±3.845301.93±55.540.44±0.03
    22甲酸芳樟酯C11H18O21298/12150.05±0.010.02±0.01
    23桃金娘烯酸甲酯C11H16O21299/130113.38±4.51129.53±2.59
    242-环己烯-1-醇,3-甲基-6-(1-甲基乙基)-乙酸酯C12H20O21300/1303171.31±2.12
    25甲酸香叶酯C11H18O21300/12980.02±0.01
    26ë-萜品醇乙酸酯C12H20O21315/136126.96±0.52
    27(1S,5R)-乙酸桃金娘烯酯C12H18O21323/13270.05±0.0117.92±0.98
    282-乙酰氧基1,8-桉树脑C12H20O31339/136729.26±8.13
    29乙酸松油酯C12H20O21346/135117.17±5.830.25±0.024.32±2.14519.05±3.112.57±0.17566.77±7.680.44±0.03
    30丙酸-2-苯乙酯C11H14O21349/13535.64±1.57
    311,3,3-三甲基 -2-氧杂双环[2.2.2]辛-6-醇 乙酸酯C12H20O31361/13450.05±0.01
    32橙花乙酸酯C12H20O21365/136734.5±10.77556.07±17.0410.94±0.74705.47±8.960.88±0.06
    33大茴香酸甲酯C9H10O31369/139531.53±4.280.54±0.04
    34乙酸香叶酯C12H20O21385/138361.46±21.100.98±0.0711.75±6.55589.75±510.7410.94±0.741265.71±27.461.61±0.11
    35乙酸紫苏酯C12H18O21433/143630.43±2.170.26±0.027.76±0.57
    36á-苯乙酸丁酯C12H16O21438/14576.68±1.42
    37对羟基苯甲酸甲酯C8H8O31465/1452
    38香草酸甲酯C9H10O41513/15160.58±0.041.99±0.130.68±0.05
    39二氢猕猴桃内酯C11H16O21516/15380.01±0.001
    40香草酸乙酯C10H12O41584/15740.07±0.001
    41(S, E)-2,5-二甲基-4-乙烯基己-2,5-二烯-1-基乙酸酯C12H18O21590/14130.07±0.012.86±0.38
    42藜芦酸甲酯C10H12O41592/15920.16±0.010.17±0.01
    醇类
    43叔戊醇C5H12O664/6300.29±0.02
    443-甲基-1-丁醇C5H12O733/7361.43±0.260.83±0.113.03±0.41
    451-戊醇C5H12O765/7610.86±0.3316.89±4.930.27±0.1.01
    46桉叶油醇C10H18O1027/1031318.52±31.80795.82±13.441.28±0.09
    47(Z)-芳樟醇氧化物(呋喃)C10H18O21069/106545.43±27.793.73±0.250.98±0.07277.48±4.823.5±0.2458.13±0.820.22±0.01
    48反式芳樟醇氧化物(呋喃)C10H18O21089/10971.47±0.107.76±0.52
    49芳樟醇C10H18O1102/11014947.24±4284.89456.21±30.723746.64±485.25222.96±15.018874.31±3297.957.05±3.846452.89±1171.524.23±1.63
    50麦芽酚C6H6O31109/11110.44±0.030.27±0.02
    51反式- 1-甲基-4-(1-甲基乙基)-2-环己烯-1-醇C10H18O1120/11421.51±0.100.39±0.03
    52反式马鞭草烯醇C10H16O1120/11470.85±0.06
    53顺-β-萜品醇C10H18O1123/114445.59±37.470.6±0.043628.52±35.491.15±0.0826.38±11.7757.05±3.8456.05±9.73
    54对-薄荷-1(7)-8二烯-2-醇C10H16O1133/11860.83±0.06
    554-异丙基-1-甲基环己-2-烯醇C10H18O1137/1125.60.82±0.06399.41±49.730.15±0.01
    56(+)-异苎酮 C10H18O1141/11390.6±0.040.02±0.01
    57异松香芹醇C10H16O1167/11800.05±0.010.08±0.01
    58萜品烯-4-醇C10H18O1174/11751137.51±275.0126.23±1.77601.48±383.9421.24±1.434.56±0.3112.1±0.81
    592-(3-甲基苯基)丙-2-醇C10H14O1185/11850.14±0.010.75±0.050.11±0.01
    604,8-二甲基-1,7-壬二烯-4-醇C11H20O1189/11828.39±4.1
    61α-松油醇C10H18O1189/11915.74±0.39
    62L-à-松油醇C10H18O1191/11925.44±0.3712.03±0.81
    63(E)-2,6-二甲基辛-3,7-二烯-2,6-二醇C10H18O21194/11910.66±0.042.3±0.152.42±0.16
    64芳樟醇氧化物C10H18O21203/11830.21±0.010.31±0.02
    65(3R, 6R)-2,2,6-三甲基-6-乙烯基四氢-2H-吡喃-3-醇C10H18O21212/11750.11±0.010.31±0.02
    66(3R, 6S)-2,2,6-三甲基-6-乙烯基四氢-2H-吡喃-3-醇C10H18O21214/11780.07±0.01
    673-甲基-6-(1-甲基乙烯基)-2-环己烯-1-醇C10H16O1220/121033.35±5.60
    68(-)-反式异胡椒醇C10H16O1228/1210
    69顺式-3-甲基-6-(1-甲基乙基)-2-环己烯-1-醇C10H18O1232/12113.7±0.53
    70顺式-2-甲基-5-(1-甲基乙烯基)-2-环己烯-1-醇C10H16O1261/12220.08±0.01
    71香叶醇C10H18O1333/12562.62±1.60.01±0.0010.06±022.09±10.130.05±012.36±1.85
    72柠檬烯二醇C10H18O21359/132156.37±27.740.22±0.01
    732,6-二甲基-2,7-辛二烯-1,6-二醇C10H18O21450/13670.02±0.0010.06±012.37±1.720.22±0.0115.37±2.821.08±0.07
    74榄香醇C15H26O1545/15570.16±0.010.13±0.010.36±0.02
    75反式-橙花叔醇C15H26O1563/1565186.95±82.031.58±0.112.19±0.1529.78±4.950.22±0.0112.81±1.24
    76(-)-匙叶桉油烯醇C15H24O1571/15722.23±0.15
    77蓝桉醇C15H26O1575/15860.05±0.011.62±0.40
    786-甲基-2-(4-甲基环己-3-烯-1-基)庚-1,5-二烯-4-醇C15H24O1585/16140.13±0.01
    酮类
    79乙偶姻C4H8O2711/7150.81±0.052.09±0.140.39±0.03
    801-羟基-2-丙酮C3H6O2678/6940.27±0.020.5±0.030.32±0.02
    813-甲基-3-丁烯-2-酮C5H8O686/6530.09±0.01
    823-戊烯-2-酮C5H8O740/7311.62±0.114.29±0.120.11±0.010.01±0.001
    83甲基异丁基酮C6H12O740/7490.32±0.020.21±0.01
    842,2-二甲基-3(2H)-呋喃酮C6H8O2842/8341.47±0.130.09±0.01
    85环己酮C6H10O894/9030.47±0.03
    862,5-己酮C6H10O2926/9310.19±0.01
    872-甲基-4-庚酮C8H16O934/9250.4±0.03
    886-甲基-5-庚烯-2-酮C8H14O987/9861.72±0.22.59±0.22
    891-(1H-吡咯-2-基)-乙酮C6H7NO1058/10380.02±0.01
    90苯乙酮C8H8O1062/1065
    912-吡咯烷酮C4H7NO1064/10770.08±0.01
    92(-)-宁酮C10H16O1118/11142.63±0.181.37±0.09
    932-乙基-环己酮C8H14O1123/11580.48±0.03
    94桧柏酮C9H14O1155/11580.41±0.030.1±0.012.61±0.18
    954-(1-甲基乙基)-2-环己烯-1-酮C9H14O1184/118563.17±17.241.59±0.11608.04±1.270.37±0.02180.44±22.442.61±0.18
    96香芹酮C10H14O1240/124646.73±14.050.83±0.0612.32±30.11±0.01647.26±112.616.26±0.42
    97胡椒酮C10H16O1248/125578.57±23.811.6±0.1124.38±16.120.88±0.0641.91±11.330.53±0.040.25±0.02
    98顺式-氧化香芹酮C10H14O21275/12630.65±0.04
    991-(7-羟基-1,6,6-三甲基-10-氧杂三环[5.2.1.0(2,4)]癸-9-基)乙酮C14H22O31443/14400.02±0.01
    1002,3-二氢-1H-茚-1-酮C9H8O1499/13070.01±0.001
    101d-8-乙酰氧香芹艾菊酮C12H18O31562/15710.01±00.02±0.001
    102沙门-4(14)-烯-1-酮C15H24O1582/15890.09±0.01
    醛类
    1033-甲基-丁醛C5H10O671/6491.05±0.291.48±0.083.96±1.943.4±2.05
    1042-甲基-丁醛C5H10O677/6461.26±0.111.87±1.11
    105戊醛C5H10O700/7021.23±0.252.88±0.1313.96±3.952.21±1.12
    1062-甲基-戊醛C6H12O747/7580.15±0.010.07±0.01
    1073-甲基-2-丁烯醛C5H8O787/7961.94±0.517.98±0.0318.47±0.790.39±0.031.58±0.19
    108己醛C6H12O803/80110.16±1.772.96±0.49130.17±19.810.34±0.0215±3.7
    109糠醛C5H4O2833/8300.21±0.010.08±0.01
    110(E)-2-己烯醛C6H10O852/8547.3±1.751.15±0.086±0.7610.57±0.716.24±0.699.26±0.625.57±0.31.3±0.09
    111庚醛C7H14O902/90111.17±2.6919.21±0.6123.88±1.947.99±0.35
    112苯甲醛C7H6O957/9610.06±0
    113辛醛C8H16O964/10000.04±0
    114(E,E)-2,4-庚二烯醛C7H10O1010/10120.94±0.22
    1154-甲基-苯甲醛C8H8O1077/10794.49±0.014.18±0.28
    116丁香醛A.C10H16O21139/114513.11±3.840.44±0.030.12±0.010.23±0.02
    117(R)-3,7-二甲基-6-辛烯醛 C10H18O1154/115213.36±2.96
    118(Z)-2-壬烯醛C9H16O1159/114827.22±7.02
    119丁香醛D.C10H16O21162/11690.29±0.0223.59±2.410.1±0.01
    120癸醛C10H20O1210/120831.48±9.8644.25±2.31
    121à,4-二甲基-3-环己烯-1-乙醛C10H16O1213/121761.96±32.4845.77±3.64
    1224-(1-甲基乙基)-苯甲醛C10H12O1235/12350.03±0.01
    123 (Z)-2-癸烯醛C10H18O1264/125013.13±3.19
    124紫苏醛C10H14O1271/127915.06±5.07
    125十一醛C11H22O1307/131417.53±6.320.34±0.027.99±2.47
    126香兰素C8H8O31393/14060.05±0.010.3±0.020.32±0.02
    127异香兰素C8H8O31393/14101.19±0.08
    1281,3甲基十四烷醛C15H30O1612/16800.04±0.01
    酸类
    1292-甲基-丙酸C4H8O2754/7920.19±0.010.02±0.001
    130丁酸C4H8O2891/8500.75±0.05
    131己酸C6H12O2984/9810.56±0.041.84±0.120.31±0.02
    1323-甲基 -戊酸 C6H12O2988/9680.34±0.02
    133庚酸C7H14O21000/10711.84±0.12
    1344-甲氧基-苯甲酸C8H8O31424/14410.07±0.01
    烯类
    135(E,E)-2,4-己二烯C6H8O910/90912.13±3.960.14±0.016.04±1.570.06±0.0129.22±2.80.13±0.0128.65±3.56
    1364-甲基-1-(1-甲基乙基)-双环[3.1.0]己-2-烯C10H16924/92080.4±11.470.25±0.02327.69±335.2834.08±4.20.1±0.01181.89±47.620.1±0.01
    137(1S)-(-)-α-蒎烯C10H16931/9370.3±0.020.1±0.01
    1384-亚甲基-1-(1-甲基乙基)-
    双环[3.1.0]己-2-烯
    C10H14940/956
    139莰烯C10H16943/9337.69±0.46
    140桧烯C10H16970/9691867.94±168.746.24±0.421150±136.913.97±0.27996.79±791.01±0.071053.54±64.090.05±0.01
    141a-蒎烯C10H16974/9640.37±0.0373.61±7.6314.74±0.99
    142A-月桂烯C10H16991/9881031.72±108.83.27±0.221883.69±119.393.5±0.242947.33±129.6614.74±0.991393.29±30.980.97±0.07
    143(2R,5S)-2-甲基-5-(丙-1-烯-2-基)-2- 乙烯基四氢呋喃C10H16O1007/100710.62±0.43
    144D-柠檬烯
    145反式-A-罗勒烯C10H161035/10443.14±0.21
    146A-罗勒烯C10H161044/1050176.21±25.280.43±0.032005.91±118.360.7±0.051336.69±143.856.42±0.431172.41±19.400.35±0.02
    1473,7-二甲基-1,3,7-辛二烯C10H161045/10523.28±0.22
    148C-松油烯C10H161054/1060528.82±91.143.62±0.243.04±0.20158±8.170.47±0.031373.77±16.040.89±0.06
    149萜品油烯C10H161055/1083286.38±5.42909.56±152.49122.75±92.560.47±0.03759.12±246.17
    150顺-氧化柠檬烯C10H16O1133/11340.06±023.6±4.290.88±0.06
    151反式柠檬烯C10H16O1138/1137269.24±8.6
    152[1S-(1à,2á,4á)] -1-乙烯基-1-甲基-2,4-双(1-甲基乙烯基)-环己烷C15H241387/139460.54±0.44
    153反式石竹烯C15H241411/1420224.61±63.161.46±0.1120.09±45.240.85±0.06121.86±30.811.01±0.07
    154葎草C15H241444/14550.92±0.0659.88±27.840.45±0.0365.21±15.230.19±0.01
    155(1R,9R,E)-4,11,11三甲基
    -8-亚甲基双环
    [7.2.0]十一碳-4-烯
    C15H241451/14675.63±0.9419.9±4.20
    156(E)-α-法呢烯C15H241456/14584.25±1.368.6±0.94
    1574a,8-甲基-2-(丙-1-烯-2-基)-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7-八氢萘C15H241468/149110.68±3.48
    158[4aR-(4aà,7à,8aá)] -十氢-4α-甲基-1-亚甲基-7-(1-甲基乙烯基)-萘C15H241476/149316.69±6.080.01±0.01209.68±5.56
    159大牛儿烯 D.C15H241473/1482434.52±108.012.77±0.19201.47±70.060.7±0.05377.5±90.491.63±0.1154.37±3.73
    160顺式依兰油-4(15)-5-二烯C15H241482/14698.9±1.330.08±0.01
    161顺-β-愈创木烯C15H241486/14990.06±00.11±0.01
    1621-乙烯基-1-甲基-2-(1-甲基乙烯基)-4-(1-甲基亚乙基)-环己烷 C15H241488/14920.31±0.020.17±0.016.22±0.35
    163A-依兰油烯C15H241494/15070.07±037.43±35.010.59±0.04
    164(1S,4AR,8AS)-1-异丙基-7-甲基-4-亚甲基桥-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a八氢萘C15H241506/149515.51±6.7411.97±2.07131.09±21.541.18±0.089.28±2.59
    165α-法呢烯C15H241508/15060.03±0.0113.73±7.85
    166(1S-顺式)-1,2,3,5,6,8a-六氢
    -4,7-二甲基-1-
    (1-甲基乙基)-萘
    C15H241518/15212.1±0.14
    167Δ-杜松烯C15H241519/15262.23±0.30
    168Α-二去氢菖蒲烯C15H201534/154610.25±2.18
    169大根香叶烯 B.C15H241545/156283.29±14.4290.29±1.68
    170(1S,3AR,4R,8R,8AS)-1-异丙基-3a-甲基-7-亚甲基十氢-4,8-环氧氮杂萘C15H24O1554/15735.31±0.79
    171环氧化蛇麻烯IIC15H24O1597/16065.62±2.020.1±0.013.07±0.140.06±021.19±3.60.19±0.0112.01±0.83
    其它
    1722,2,4-三甲基-戊烷C8H18692/6917.97±5.812.92±1.6316.69±17.38
    173甲苯C7H8767/7591.16±0.08
    1742-甲基-吡啶C6H7N817/8160.47±0.030.39±0.03
    175乙苯C8H10861/8680.04±0.010.11±0.010.19±0.010.02±0.001
    1761,3-二甲基-苯C8H10870/8680.23±0.02
    177三环萜C10H16919/914174.66±0.10
    178邻伞花烃C10H141021/102012.78±4.610.75±0.05175.46±5.120.49±0.0325.37±2.320.05±0.01
    179硝基-苯C6H5NO21083/10890.73±0.050.8±0.05
    180柠檬烯二环氧化物C10H16O21265/12940.15±0.010.15±0.010.54±0.040.75±0.62
    181吲哚C8H7N1290/12880.63±0.040.36±0.02
    182(1S,2R,4R,7R)-4-异丙基-7-甲基-3,8-二氧杂三环[5.1.0.02,4]辛烷C10H16O21301/13090.8±0.050.8±0.050.01±0.0010.24±0.02
    183十二烷C12H24O1372/14113.77±2.634.77±1.4
    184玫瑰呋喃C10H14O1098/109558.76±2.7
    185橙花醚C10H16O1154/115332.65±0.43
    186β-二氢琼脂呋喃C15H26O1504/15010.14±0.01
    注:以上文献RI值均来源于NIST 2014。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  花椒精油及水提物的香气活性物质嗅闻结果

    Table  4.   Aroma-active compounds in essential oils and water extracts of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps

    序号香气物质香气描述香气强度
    汉源青
    花椒精油
    金阳青
    花椒精油
    汉源红
    花椒精油
    武都红
    花椒精油
    汉源青
    花椒水提物
    金阳青
    花椒水提物
    汉源红
    花椒水提物
    武都红
    花椒水提物
    X1033-甲基-丁醛甜香,麦芽21.6
    X4乙酸异戊酯果香1.2
    X74-甲基戊酸甲酯果香1.81.72.22.1
    X135(E,E)-2,4-己二烯青香2.52.52.22.4
    X137(1S)-(-)-α-蒎烯松树尖,植物香2.52.52.3
    X140桧烯木香,辛辣2.83.41.9
    X886-甲基-5-庚烯-2-酮青香,发霉2.5
    X142A-月桂烯胡椒3.13.82.52.32.8
    X144D-柠檬烯柠檬味3.23.53.53.43.1
    X46桉叶油醇草本,植物2.6
    X145-乙基-2(5H)-呋喃酮辣味
    X146A-罗勒烯青香3.12.52.52.41.9
    X148C-松油烯木香,草药3.22.42.4
    X149萜品油烯清新,木香1.92.92.12.6
    X47(Z)-芳樟醇氧化物(呋喃)木香,花香2.42.51.31.3
    X49芳樟醇木香,青香,柑橘3.63.12.12.72.51.11.32
    X53顺-β-萜品醇草本3.71.22.13.5
    X181,3-丁二醇二乙酸酯1.2
    X150顺-氧化柠檬烯新鲜柑橘2.52.7
    X554-异丙基-1-甲基环己-2-烯醇草本1.2
    X151反式柠檬烯新鲜柑橘2.4
    X116丁香醛A.花香2.62.12
    X56(+)-异苎酮2.7
    X94桧柏酮2.20.9
    X119丁香醛D.花香2.2
    X58萜品烯-4-醇胡椒3.51.12
    X954-(1-甲基乙基)-2-环己烯-1-酮木香,辣3.43.62.30.8
    X61α-松油醇木香,醇厚2.51.1
    X64芳樟醇氧化物甜香1.3
    X120癸醛青香2.32.2
    X65(3R,6R)-2,2,6-三甲基-6-乙烯基四氢-2H-吡喃-3-醇柑橘绿2.1
    X96香芹酮薄荷,甘草1.81.72.1
    X97胡椒酮薄荷,辣椒1.73.22.5
    X20乙酸苯乙酯果香2.42.7
    X21乙酸芳樟酯木香,麻1.42.6
    X180柠檬烯二环氧化物薄荷醇2.7
    X124紫苏醛辛辣草本1.1
    X98顺式-氧化香芹酮辛辣草本1.6
    X181吲哚土腥,马厩1.22.1
    X27(1S,5R)-乙酸桃金娘烯酯木香2.3
    X71香叶醇花香1.93.12.62.42.5
    X29乙酸松油酯花香,植物2.42.53.41.3
    X72柠檬烯二醇清新,薄荷2.31.3
    X32橙花乙酸酯花香,果香2.21.13
    X34乙酸香叶酯花香2.62.533.52.12.12.4
    X126香兰素香草2.43.62.5
    X153反式石竹烯胡椒3.13.62.31.62.6
    X1344-甲氧基-苯甲酸馊味1.1
    X35乙酸紫苏酯花香32.42.5
    X36á-苯乙酸丁酯果香,酸甜32.1
    X154葎草木香3.333.52.22.91.2
    X732,6-二甲基-2,7-辛二烯-1,6-二醇2.42.41.51.61.3
    X156(E)-α-法呢烯木香,植物草本3.5
    X159大牛儿烯 D.木香,辣2.62.53.61.53.51.1
    X158[4aR-(4aà,7à,8aá)] -十氢-4α-甲基-1-亚甲基-7-(1-甲基乙烯基)-萘药草2.5
    X160顺式依兰油-4(15)-5-二烯0.9
    X161顺-β-愈创木烯2.43.4
    X1621-乙烯基-1-甲基-2-(1-甲基乙烯基)-4-(1-甲基亚乙基)-环己烷γ-榄香烯2.13.3
    X163A-依兰油烯木香3.5
    X186β-二氢琼脂呋喃2.2
    X164(1S,4AR,8AS)-1-异丙基-7-甲基-4-亚甲基桥-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a八氢萘2.713.53.2
    X165α-法呢烯2.53.8
    X38香草酸甲酯香草,巧克力3.7
    X39二氢猕猴桃内酯果香,木香1.3
    X166(1S-顺式)-1,2,3,5,6,8a-六氢-4,7-二甲基-1-(1-甲基乙基)-萘甘草1.4
    X167Δ-杜松烯草药2.1
    X74榄香醇木香,辣1.12.52.3
    X169大根香叶烯 B.土香,辣味33.12.2
    X101d-8-乙酰氧香芹艾菊酮2.1
    X75反式-橙花叔醇青,木香,厚重2.82.11.42.6
    X77蓝桉醇花香2.71.7
    X40香草酸乙酯1.5
    X41(S, E)-2,5-二甲基-4-乙烯基己-2,5-二烯-1-基乙酸酯木香,燃烧3.8
    X171环氧化蛇麻烯II22.81.62.3-
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-07
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-11

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