静电纺丝技术在食品领域应用的研究进展

李浩 袁莉

李浩,袁莉. 静电纺丝技术在食品领域应用的研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(18):454−460. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080299
引用本文: 李浩,袁莉. 静电纺丝技术在食品领域应用的研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(18):454−460. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080299
LI Hao, YUAN Li. Research Progress of Electrospinning Technology Application in Food Field[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(18): 454−460. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080299
Citation: LI Hao, YUAN Li. Research Progress of Electrospinning Technology Application in Food Field[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(18): 454−460. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080299

静电纺丝技术在食品领域应用的研究进展

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080299
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(31972183);西安市青年人才托举计划(095920201311);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(GK202002006)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李浩(1998−),男,硕士研究生,研究方向:食品安全与毒理学研究,E-mail:lihr13@snnu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    袁莉(1986−),女,博士,副教授,研究方向:食品安全与毒理学研究,E-mail:yuanli112086@snnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TS201.1

Research Progress of Electrospinning Technology Application in Food Field

  • 摘要: 静电纺丝是一项制作纳米尺寸聚合物纤维膜的技术,该技术制备的纳米纤维膜具有比表面积高、连续性好、功能性强等优势。目前,静电纺丝被广泛应用于医药、能源、食品等领域。本文综述了静电纺丝技术的原理、影响因素及其在活性物质包埋、食品检测、食品添加剂等方面的研究进展,并对该技术在植物性产品开发等方面进行展望,为之后其在食品领域的深入研究和应用拓展提供参考。
  • 图  1  静电纺丝装置示意图[5]

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of electrospinning device[5]

    表  1  静电纺丝技术的影响因素

    Table  1.   Factors affecting electrostatic spinning

    影响因素原因设置参数参考文献
    纺丝液性质粘度不宜过高也不宜太低4.0~10.0 Pa·s[16-17]
    电导率一般电导率与纤维直径成反比990.67~1021.30 μS/cm[18]
    工艺条件场间电压场间电压不能太高17~21 kV[19-22]
    流速、极距流速不能过高,极距应适当0.1~1.0 mL/h、10~20 cm[20,22-24]
    环境条件温度一般温度升高,黏度下降25±2 ℃[21-22,25]
    湿度湿度不宜过高30%±1%[21-22,26]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同活性物质与聚合物结合静电纺丝的应用

    Table  2.   Application of electrostatic spinning of different active substances and polymers

    聚合物活性物质用途参考文献
    玉米醇溶蛋白玫瑰果籽油延长香蕉、金桔等货架期[29]
    没食子酸食品抗氧化包装[30]
    鱼油保证油脂的稳定性[31]
    聚乳酸茶多酚抑制金黄色葡萄球菌、大肠杆菌生长[32]
    甲壳素草莓保鲜[33]
    小麦醇溶蛋白二氢杨梅素新型天然抗氧化剂[34]
    醋酸纤维素、玉米醇溶蛋白芝麻酚伤口敷料[22]
    明胶葡萄籽多酚伤口敷料[35]
    壳聚糖、明胶百里香精油减少香肠中的亚硝酸盐用量[36]
    聚乙烯醇、豌豆分离蛋白肉桂醛抑制大肠杆菌和单增李斯特菌生长[37]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  活性物质包埋

    Table  3.   Active substance embedding

    包埋材料活性物质用途参考文献
    乳清蛋白浓缩物、普鲁兰双歧杆菌延长双歧杆菌存活能力[38]
    壳聚糖、聚乙烯醇金雀黄素金雀黄素的缓释作用[39]
    乙基纤维素/明胶/乙基纤维素姜黄素姜黄素的持续释放[40]
    籽粒苋蛋白、普鲁兰叶酸提高叶酸光稳定性[41]
    玉米醇溶蛋白β-胡萝卜素提高β-胡萝卜素光稳定性[42]
    ω-3多不饱和脂肪酸稳定DHA的生理活性[43]
    α-生育酚保持ɑ-生育酚的生物活性[44]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同静电纺丝材料的检测目标

    Table  4.   Detection targets of different electrospinning materials

    材料检测目标参考文献
    表面改性电纺碳纳米膜提高在水体系中去除铅离子的效率[47]
    电纺CoFe2O4纳米纤维、氧化石墨烯检测柠檬、红苹果、酸橙和橙汁中的芦丁[48]
    聚天冬氨酸纳米纤维水凝胶检测水中Cu2+[49]
    基于碳纳米管的尼龙纳米纤维生物传感器检测水果饮料中的葡萄糖及啤酒酿造中的葡萄糖[50]
    电纺镍掺杂钴纳米纤维检测食品中的麦芽糖含量[51]
    基于聚乙烯电纺纳米纤维的固相萃取对白菜中5种有机磷农药进行富集、检测[52]
    聚冠醚、聚苯乙烯混纺纳米纤维瘦肉精类药物残留前处理[53]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-31
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